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XKHellc6lc^ /Hba$a3tne 


The Pen Pobtbaits of Cablyle . 

Mount Kjnchinjunga . 

An Afternoon in Piebre Loti's Codntby 

Mutation , 

An Incident of Cibcus Day . 

Andbomache: A Mysteby 


Caroline W. Jacobus, '95 
Julia Stevens Buffington 
Katharine Coman . 
Mary Hefferan, '96 . 
Helen Marie Bennett 
Emily 8. Johnson, '97 
8. G. W., '95 . 

Dorothy Allen 

Edith P. Thomson, '92 . 
Margaret Young Henry, '97 . 
Helen Pearson Margesson, '96 
M., '96 

Hammock Sketches 

The Influence of Mabie Antoinette on 
the Fbench Revolution .... 

Miss Macintosh 

A Moment 

Colob Touches 

What We Said M.H. E. Lauderburn 


Fbee Pbess 

Book Review 

Books Received • . 


College Notes 

Christian Association Notes 

College Bulletin 

Society Notes 

Alumnae Notes 





287 \\ 



woi. w — 3Febmar\>, 1896 — no. 5 

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The Wellesley Magazine. 

Vol. IV. WELLESLEY, FEBRUARY 8, 1896. No. 5. 








The Wellesley Magazine is published monthly, from October to June, by a board of editors 
chosen from the Senior Class. 

All literary contributions may be senttoMiss J.H. Batchelder, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

All items of college interest, and communications to be inserted in the department of Free Press, 
will be received by Miss Mary Hefferan, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

All alumnae news should be sent to Miss Maude R. Keller, Wellesley, Mass. 

Advertising business is conducted by Miss Annie H. Peaks, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Subscriptions to the Magazine and other business communications sbould in all cases be sent to 
Miss Cora F. Stoddard, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Terms, $2.00 per year; single copies, 25 cents. Payment should be made by money order. 


A painter is able to give a clear and vivid impression of life, as it is 
seen in an instant of time. Further than this he cannot go ; there can be no 
movement, no life ; not a word can cross the lips of his subjects, not a 
changeful expression light their eyes. From this steadfastness even the 
smile of a Mona Lisa may grow wearisome, the cross of her hands and the 
droop of her hair, irritating. But in the pictures of Carlyle we find all the 
bustle and action of life. His characters trot briskly or walk wearily by. 
We see their faces change from sad to gay, from hope to dull despair. We 
hear their " fine voices full of fun and charm," or " the wild roll of somber 
eloquence." We feel the languidness with which one gives us " a handful of 
numb, unresponsive fingers," or the jovial way another slaps us on the 


Carlyle has not only given us what is not found in painting, but also 
what is not easily discovered in life itself. He has stripped his men and 
women of the conventions which mask them. He has laid bare their inmost 
soul, prying into its secret workings, finding the motives which prompt, and 
the laws which govern it. 

All this he is able to do in a few swift, forceful sentences. He seizes 
at once on the details which will best symbolize his thought. These he 
groups with an effectiveness, an artistic precision, which form a picture 
united and complete. These portraits, similar in method, various in kind, 
and one in purpose, furnish a strangely perfect type of Carlyle's entire work. 

Portrait after portrait we have studied, and all we find to be presented 
by a method concise, dramatic, and emotional. There is a conciseness in 
the choice of details, which flash a quick, bright light upon the central idea. 
It may be the strut of a walk, or the tone of a voice. At one time it is 
merely a man's back-hair, which shows by its sudden jerk that " the brow 
was puckered and his. eyes looking archly, half comtemptuously, out, in con- 
formity to some conclusive little cut his tongue was giving." Again, it is 
some one's small blue eyes, in which "twinkled curiously a joyless smile." 
At another time it is the concrete touch in some little habit of dress, which 
so quickly makes the person real and living. This is true in the description 
of Badains. " Seldom have I seen a franker, trustier, cheerier form of human 
kindness than Badains. How I remember the laughing eyes and sunny 
figure of him bi-eaking into my room on mornings, himself half dressed — 
waistband in hand was a common aspect, and hair all flying. The smile of 
his eyes, the sound of his voice, were so bright and practically true on these 
occasions." We must confess that " the laughing and sunny figure" would 
have seemed a trifle indistinct were they not embodied in a quick-moving 
little man, with hair awry and waistband waving. Still again, the concise- 
ness may be found in details chosen for a full-length portrait like that of 
Webster, " one of the stiffest logic buffers and parliamentary athletes any- 
where to be met with in our world." He is pictured as " a grim, tall, 
broad-bottomed, yellow-skinned man, with brows like precipitous cliffs, and 
huge, black, dull, wearied yet unweariable-looking eyes under them ; amor- 
phous projecting nose, and angriest shut mouth I have anywhere seen. A 
droop on the sides of the upper lip is quite mastiff-like — magnificent to look 


upon, it is so quiet withal." The cliff-like brows, the " wearied yet un- 
weariable " eyes, the "amorphous projecting nose," the tight-shut mouth 
with mastiff-like droop, — what details could more quickly impress us with the 
quiet but imperious force of the parliamentary athlete? Carlyle, with his 
keen, swift insight, seems to have instantly grasped the prime spiritual or 
intellectual characteristic of his subjects ; and, with this as key, he inter- 
prets their physical, their external peculiarities. 

This description of Webster also serves to display plainly the concise- 
ness of Carlyle's method of grouping. The main thought is first stated in 
a sharp, clear-cut way. We know that Webster is to be pictured as a " stiff 
logic buffer," so, with this thought in mind, we run through the succeeding 
epithets, finding each pointing directly to this one trait. There is also no- 
ticeable a distinct progression in the force of the details. We discover that 
Webster is grim and tall, but that does not impress us as do his unwearied 
eyes ; nor they, as his upper lip — so " magnificent to look upon." Epithet 
follows epithet in quick succession, each giving a stronger, firmer knock to 
the main thought, until it has left an indelible stamp upon our minds. 

This grouping not only forcefully impresses us with some abstract 
quality of the person, but vividly pictures his physical appearance. There 
is a vigor of outline, a lucidity of color about these figures, which Carlyle 
for an instant snatches from Cimmerian night. No matter how soon they 
may be banished to the engulfing chaos, we have seen them outlined against 
its dark depth with a memorable sharpness of relief. 

The conciseness, the dynamic effect of description, is further heightened 
by Carlyle's distinctive use of figures. He believes poetic creation to be 
nothing but " seeing the thing sufficiently. The word which will describe the 
thino- follows of itself from such clear, intense sioht of the thins." This 
descriptive word is often a suggestive metaphor, a telling simile, which 
briefly gives a perfect idea of a complete personality. In speaking of 
Wilson, Carlyle says, " We expect to breakfast on Sunday a thing made 

of starlight and burning brandy, of Heaven and ." The simile is often 

homely, showing quaint, startling likenesses between things small and great. 
We hear that Mrs. Jeffrey's "talk went roving about in a loose, random 
way, and hit down like a flail unexpectedly on this or that, with the jerk 
for accompaniment, in a really genial fashion." We also hear that " a 


nervous female might shriek when Southey rises for the first time and 
stretches to unexpected length — like a lean pair of tongs." The union of 
an imaginative figure with concrete reality is found in the sorrow-filled 
allusion to " poor Julia Strachey, . . . with her sad, secluded look, . . . 
who is like a flower frozen among ice, and now contented with such soil ; 
a hitherto unnoticed girl had rushed up to a woman, and in the long, black 
locks I noticed a streak of gray." The touch of actuality in the mention of 
the gray-streaked hair serves to deepen the pathos, to intensify the sadness. 

It is not, however, in conciseness that we find the distinctly Carlylese 
trait of description. It is rather in the dramatic fervor and emotional in- 
tensity with which he colors his portraits. 

Carlyle's dramatic power was a direct outcome of his sympathy for 
man, either in the abstract or the concrete. Never could one discover more 
quickly the spark of Divinity in man ; never could one see into more dark 
and hidden places by the light of one faint spark. This sympathy, at 
times so true, so deep, enables him to throw himself into the life of his 
characters, and, for the time, body them forth as an actor might. Where 
this sympathy failed him he failed ; but with it, he can identify himself 
with the person he is describing; he can see life for a moment through their 
eyes ; he can feel their every heart-beat, their every emotional tremor. In 
this portrait of Frank, " with his neatly expressive aquiline face," we can 
see his slightest actions, hear the varying tones of his voice, and notice the 
changing play of his face : — 

" He rocked, rather, and negligently wriggled in walking and standing 
something slightly twisted in his spine, I think ; but he made so much in- 
voluntary tossing and gesticulating while he spoke or listened, you never 
noticed the twist. What a childlike and yet implike volume of laughter 
lay in Frank ; how he would fling back his fine head, left cheek up, not 
himself laughing much or loud, even, but showing you such continents of 
inward, gleesome mirth and victorious mockery of the dear stupid ones 
who had crossed his observation. A wild roll of somber eloquence lay in 
him, too, and in his sermons sometimes that brow and aquiline face grew 
dark, sad, and thunderous like the eagle of Jove." 

This dramatic spirit does not lead to the use of the first person. 
Carlyle describes his characters from a slight distance, but he has so per- 


fectly understood their entire makeup, he has so completely thought and 
felt with them, that he, the writer, has become merged in the men and 
women of whom he writes. 

We pass, however, from the objective to the subjective side of Carlyle's 
work, where we notice the emotional quality of his descriptions. After he 
has clearly outlined the spiritual and physical features of his characters, 
after he has passed them in review before us, he suddenly turns, and, with a 
sigh, or a sardonic grin, shows the effect they have produced upon himself. 
In one place he describes Mrs. Glen, with her bright look, her fearless 
smile, her deathlike pallor. Then, with deep tenderness, he exclaims, " The 
sudden paleness of the spirited woman stuck in my heart like an arrow ! " 
Again, he tells of Hogg, " a seal-skinned, stiff sack of a body, with two little 
beads of blue or gray eyes that sparkle with animation," whom all were bent 
on bantering. " But he, quite friendless as he was, went along cheerful, 
mirthful, and musical." Then Carlyle, with his grimly tender heart, in- 
dignant over Hogg's dishonor, cried out, " Alas ! he is a man, and yet how 
few will so much as treat him as a specimen, and not like a mere wooden 
Punch and Judy." But the emotion was not always of a sympathetic 
nature, as we find after reading a long, objective description of Wordsworth, 
which ends with this sarcastic bit of personal feeling: "We were very 
glad, if not to see him, yet to have seen him, and so returned content." The 
emotional shock, coming at the end of a unified, dramatic description, seems 
to add the one necessary element for vivid, complete presentation. 

Prejudices such as these, strong, unfounded, were characteristic of 
Carlyle. His insight, though swift and keen, was not always true. The 
very eagerness with which he sought the truth seemed to keep it from him ; 
to swift intuition he sacrificed well-grounded knowledge. His descriptions, 
therefore, though similar in method, vary in kind according to his mood and 
to his subject. Sometimes he seems to snarl angrily as he writes ; again, we 
can see a humorous smile come and go as he indulges in abrupt contrasts and 
quaint fancies. But most often reverence and love gleam from his deep-set 
eyes. There are times, however, when he seems to take a savage joy in 
dwelling upon the meaner side of men ; he enlarges and exaggerates their 
failings till we have lost sight of the originals of his portraits. With a fierce 
lash he wields his copious supply of nicknames. Robespierre, if met through 


Carlyle, becomes a huge dragon, "sea-green and incorruptible"; Anne of 
Russia is for us always " she of the big cheek." Hear, also, his estimate of 
Shelley, "a ghastly object, colorless, pallid, without health, or warmth, or 
vigor, the sound of him shrieky, frosty, as if a ghost were trying to sing to 
us ; the temperament of him spasmodic, hysterical, instead of strong or 
robust, with fine affections and aspirations gone all such a way." In Cardinal 
Newman he finds "not the intellect of a moderate-sized rabbit"; while 
Coleridge is " a weltering, ineffectual being ;" Lamb, " a despicable abortion." 

It scarcely seems the same man who laughs with such kindly flashing 
humor over the droll figure of Irving- " in the character of nurse to his first- 
born, Edward." It did him good to see "the giant, with his broad-brimmed 
hat, his sallow visage, and his sable, matted fleece of hair, carrying the little 
pepper-box of a creature in his monstrous palm along the beach, tick-tacking 
to it, and dandling it, and every time it stirs an eyelid, grinning horribly a 
ghastly smile, heedless of the crowd of spectators that turn around in long 
trains, gaping in silent terror at the fatherly leviathan; you would laugh for 
twelve months afterwards, every time you thought of it. And yet it is 
wrong to laugh if one could help it. Nature is very lovely ; pity she should 
ever be absurd. On the whole I am pleased with Irving, and hope to love 
him, and admire him, and laugh at him as long as I live. There is a fund of 
sincerity in his life and character, which in these heartless, aimless days is 
doubly precious." The genuine fun with which the small details are con- 
spicuously placed, the wee "pepper-box of a creature" reposing in the 
" monstrous palm" of the " fatherly leviathan," are characteristic of Carlyle's 
grotesque humor. 

We smile indulgently at this queer pictui'e, but we bow reverently before 
the master, who, with noble emotion, poetically describes " the tragic, heart- 
affecting face" of Dante. "There is in it, as foundation of it, the softness, 
tenderness, gentle affection as of a child ; but all this is as if congealed into 
sharp contradiction, into negation, isolation, proud, hopeless pain. A soft, 
ethereal soul looking out so stern, implacable, grim-trenchant, as from 
imprisonment of thick-ribbed ice. Withal it is a silent pain, too, a silent,, 
scornful one ; the lip is curled in a kind of godlike disdain of the thing which 
is eating out his heart, — as if it were withal a mean, insignificant thing ; as if 
he whom it had power to torture and strangle were greater than it. The face 


of one wholly in protest, and lifelong, unsurrendering battle against the 
world. Affection all converted into indignation ; an implacable indignation, 
slow, equable, silent like that of a god !" This is poetry in the truest sense, 
— musical thought, which, as Carlyle himself says, " is spoken by the mind 
that has penetrated into the inmost heart of the thing, detected the inmost 
poetry of it, namely, the melody that lies hidden in it; the inward harmony 
of coherence which is its soul." 

The juxtaposition of these portraits naturally leads to a consideration of 
the purpose of Carlyle's work. In all, even to the ghastly caricature of 
Shelley, we find some recognition of the true worth of man, some sense of 
his spiritual nature. Indeed, the one great longing of the prophet-poet is 
the attainment, of truth, "the discernment of the true likeness, not the false, 
superficial one, in the thing he has got to work with." The greatness of this 
task he fully realizes, for " no most gifted eye can exhaust the significance of 
any object. In the commonest human face there lies more than Raphael can 
take away with him." He is ever conscious of man's divine origin and 
destiny; ever conscious of the mysteriousness, the awfulness of life. He 
believes that "like a God-created, fire-breathing, Spirit-host, we emerge 
from the Inane ; haste stormfully across the astonished waste ; then plunge 
again into the Inane." But whence and whither we are hastening "Faith 
knows not ; only that it is through Mystery to Mystery, from God and to 

He seeks to discover the spiritual in man beneath the material nature 
which threatens to crush it ; the Idea underlying the peculiar manifestation. 
This task, though great, he right bravely faces. That he marvelously 
succeeds is due in large part to his firm grasp of actual fact, combined with 
his deep sense of life's mystery. Idealism does not completely lift him above 
the earth ; instead he reads his truths into the small, everyday matters of 
life. Men and women, as he talks with them on the street corner, as he 
bargains with them in the market, seem strange, almost fearful, phenomena. 
That the world should realize this, he earnestly works. Since he himself 
saw so keenly the truth which they embodied, he is able to picture it for us, 
setting forth through them a little of the Divine life. 

These tiny portraits, with their distinctive style, their variety of kind, 
their one underlying purpose, are but miniatures of Carlyle's greater work. 


"The French Revolution" is merely a series of these smaller pictures, which, 
mosaic-like, unite to form one rich and glowing whole. He could most easily 
teach by picturing. By violently stimulating the imagination, he gave 
impetus to the emotions. 

This imaginative stimulus was most readily gained by a style brief, con- 
cise, dynamic. There is a terse vigor about his sentences, and their contained 
thought, which drove them directly to the point. Then, too, his work, if 
dramatic, became more real and vivid. But he would not trust the grasp of 
truth to the divining power of his reader. Each separate thought is 
punctuated by an explosive burst of emotion. He shows the effect it should 
have upon us, by giving way to the feelings it arouses in himself. 

Like the portraits, his larger work varies also in kind ; sometimes it is 
fiercely satiric, sometimes kindly humorous, sometimes deeply poetic. His 
bitterest sarcasm is but an outgrowth of his poetic self. The meanness, the 
pettiness of his surroundings grated upon his idealism ; he became morbid, 
melancholy, unhappy. By nature he is a poet. His way of thinking is 
quick, concrete, intuitive. His economic work, with its sudden down-pulling 
of all existing theories, with its upraising of those shadowy and vague, is 
that of a poet. So, also, is his philosophy, with its lack of reasonable 
foundation, with its emphasis of the beautiful and the mysterious. 

The purpose of his portraits and that of his other work is perfect in its 
similarity. "Truth, deeper Truth !" was his constant cry, his all-controlling 
idea. The spirit-life beneath all manifestations of matter is what he sought, 
and sought with tense nerves and hungry heart. He has, indeed, " looked 
fixedly on Existence, till, one after the other, its earthly hulls and garnitures 
have all melted away ; and now, to his rapt vision, the interior, celestial 
Holy of Holies lies disclosed." 

Caroline W. Jacobus, '95. 


Above the clouds, — aye, piercing through the blue, 
To realms whereVen the eagle faints for earth, 
Thou boldest sway, oh lonely, radiant Form, 
In solitude ! Around thy matchless throne 
The sentry storms walk ceaseless, barring out 
The human ills that throng thee from below. 


Thou glorious One ! God must have called thee up 
From out the depths in mighty throes of strife, 
Which left thee 'stablished firm upon the heart 
Of things. Yea, I believe He must have laid 
One eve His hand upon thy brow, and stilled 
The surging fires within, thou dost so lift 
In such proud patience, and such utter peace 
Thy rugged front to heaven. O ask Him, thou 
Who art above the storms, to call me, too, 
From out the depths of doubt and sin. All woe, 
Passion, despair, the throes of birth and strife, 
I will bear all, if so thereby He lift 
Me to the heights where thou dost dwell ; if so 
At eve He lay His hand upon my brow 
And still the restless thoughts within, and soothe 
My heart, and mind, and soul in perfect peace. 

Julia Stevens Buffington. 


Yesterday afternoon I walked down to Portz-Even in search of a 
mackerel for dinner. My landlady protested that it was low tide, and the 
fishing boats would not come in for hours ; but I did not much care whether 
I bought mackerel or shrimps or eels, so that the quest gave me opportunity 
for talk with the people, — those rugged, kindly fisher-folk described by 
Pierre Loti in " Le Pecheur d'Islande." 

From Ploubazlanec to Portz-Even is a charming half-hour's walk. One 
goes down a steep and shadowy lane, bounded by high gorse hedges and 
green with moss and fern, past the sacred fountain of Perros and the wash- 
ing pools where sabot-shod women kneel, beating out the clothes, and so 
on to the ancient stone cross with the figure of mother and Child carved on 
the emblem of sacrifice. At the foot of the hill the path reaches the sea, but 
it is still divided from the beach by a row of thick-set elms. The occasional 
gaps give one delightful glimpses of the harbor of Paimpol and the heather- 
crowned steeps of the opposite coast. The harbor at low tide is one great 
bed of seaweed, a glimmering expanse of golden browns and greens, broken 
by jagged black masses, where lie dangerous reefs, and crossed by a ribbon 
of blue where the artificial channel cuts through to the port. Bare-legged 
boys and girls are fishing for shrimps in the shallow pools, and white gulls 


gather and wheel and scream, no less intent than the humans on earning 
their daily bread. Off in the harbor stand the ships of the Islandais, just 
come in from their six months' cruise in Arctic waters. They are laden 
with cod, and must soon set sail once more to dispose of their briny cargo in 
southern ports. 

Arrived at Portz-Even, I found that the fishing smacks were not yet in 
sight, so I climbed the rocks that overlook the cove to wait my chance. 
Somebody was there before me — a neat little old woman in white cap and 
blue apron, whose kindly smile and calm, wise eyes proclaimed her a true 
Breton. She was looking off to sea, to the anchored ships, and beyond to 
the misty northern horizon. I recognized Marie Tuetot, the brisk little 
body who brought us blackberries every morning fresh picked before break- 
fast. " Has your ship come in?" I asked. "Alas, no, mademoiselle; no 
ship comes in for me. My husband is now too old to go with the Islandais, 
and my son was lost off the Jersey coast in the great storm of last January. 
He was only nineteen ; but he had been nine years at sea, first as mousse, 
and then as man, and he brought me all he earned. These are sad days for 
me, mademoiselle ; other women's sons are coming back to them, but mine 
comes not. Yes ; they were all kind. The captain came to see me and the 
captain's wife, and they said that Pierre was the best man on the ship, and 
the mayor gave me fifty francs ; but that was all. They soon forget, but I 
remember always, O ma Dhu ! " Yes, they had property. The little 
house with the well at the door was theirs, and the pasture just below it, and 
they had a bit of land on the hill that gave all the potatoes they could eat. 
But there were no more sons, only a little daughter who had not taken her 
first communion ; and they were growing old. " O ma Dhu ! " Marie 
repeated the Breton cry of woe in a voice that was weak with tears. I 
knew that her grief was no less tender because she lamented the loss of the 
boy's earnings. The bread and butter problem is a terrible reality in a land 
where a franc a day is counted high wages, and if there are no young hands 
to keep the fire burning on the hearth, old age is a haunting terror. 

As we talked a woman passed us on her way to the beach. Her figure 
was bent, but not so much by years as by toil. Her dress was worn to 
shreds and faded a uniform brown, the tint of oak leaves in November. Her 
face was bloodless, and she looked like a hunted thing. Marie gave her 


good-day in Breton as she hurried by, and said in answer to my question : 
" She is a mendicant. She has no home, for her people are dead long ago. 
She gathers kelp on the beach and carries it to the farmers on the hill. 
They use it to enrich the fields, and so she earns a few sous against the long 
winter. Yes ; people do what they can for her, but we are all poor. The 
best of the Islandais can do no more than keep bread in the children's 
mouths ; and when the husband is lost at sea, there is nothing left. Yes, 
people are kind, but they soon forget, O ma Dhu ! " 

"Ah, godmother, here you are!" said a fresh young voice. "I've 
come down to gossip with you while I wait for Jean. He has gone off to 
the ship this afternoon to fetch home his belongings. He'll soon be in." 
She was a robust young woman, with a wholesome, happy face, not a whit 
less comely for its ruddy coat of tan. She was knitting, of course, — all 
Breton Women knit when there is nothing more urgent to be done, — and her 
dress was old, almost shabby ; but she was an enviable creature, so strong, 
so glad, so serenely confident of joy. 

"The Bettina came in yesterday with her husband safe and sound," 
said Marie to me. " He has scored a higher catch than any other man on 
board, and will be well paid. You do not care how many other men go 
down, eh, goddaughter?" 

The younger woman shrugged her shoulders. She was evidently a little 
restless under the godmother's persistent grief for Pierre ; but she said 
gently, " You know that I did what I could for Louise Mai." They talked 
together in Breton a few minutes, and then explained to me, "Louise's 
husband was lost last March, and she is left with two little children, and not 
even the house she lives in her own." Suddenly the young wife rose, and 
shading her eyes with her hand, looked off toward the ship. " They are 
coming," and she pointed out a dory that was being rowed rapidly in by two 
stout fellows in blue jerseys. " Jean is the one with the straw hat. Yves 
Kerric wears his old berret." " Yves has no good wife to look after him," 
said the godmother, smiling ; " Jean is a lucky fellow." 

Surely, thought I, this is Gaud. The wives of the Islandais are not 
wont to be so comely, so secure, so self-possessed. This must be the 
daughter of the Paimpol shipowner. Pierre Loti has deceived us. Yann 
Gaos did not sink with that cry of horror into the embrace of his phantom 


bride, the sea. He is alive, and has come home from the long cruise to 
rebuild the little cottage and make glad the hearts of Gaud and the 
Veuve Moan. 

By this time the men had come ashore, and were scrambling up the 
rocks with their nondescript burden, — a small wooden trunk, a rough great- 
coat, a pair of heavy boots, and a bundle of salt cod. They were fine 
fellows, both of them, alert and muscular, and they moved in the free, 
unhurried fashion that betokens undaunted strength. Having got up to us 
they doffed their caps, but turned suddenly shy, — they were so unwonted 
to terra firma and womankind, and, moreover, I was a stranger. A little 
piqued by her husband's lack of manners, Gaud, without a word of greeting, 
turned to me and began to explain how the fish were caught and cured. 
Jean's indignation overmastered his embarrassment. "Hast thou no thought 
for me?" he said, and the honest gray eyes were full of hot protest. Gaud's 
eyes fell, and she faltered, " I did not see thee." This patent falsehood 
Jean punished by flipping the water from his wet hands over her fresh cap. 
She fled, laughing, to the house, and he followed after, calling to poor wife- 
less Yves to bring on the stuff. Marie shrugged her shoulders. "Young 
things are thoughtless," she said. "They do not mean to be rude." But 
she, too, hurried away, intent on getting a supper worthy the home- 

I sat alone, looking off to sea. A sail had come in sight — other 
Islandais returning to gladden other homes. The tide was rising, and the 
shrimp fishers were hurrying in. They sang one of the weird Breton folk- 
songs as they trudged up the wet sands. The minor cadence rose and fell 
with the waves. Something stirred brown among the dank, brown rocks at 
the water's edge. It was " the mendicant," lifting herself under her burden, 
a great bag full of kelp. She, too, came up the rough beach, slowly and 
painfully, bending so low that her bedrabbled cap sank to the level of her 
knees. Once she slipped, and almost lost her balance, and once she leaned 
against a rock to rest. The blanched face was tense with the strain, and the 
worn hands were trembling. There was a look of terror — of infinite woe — 
in the faded eyes. I shuddered, for the conviction fastened upon my heart : 
Alas, no ! Pierre Loti is right, and this is Gaud. 

Katharine Coman. 



I caught a snowflake in my hand, 

Six-pointed star, 
God-fashioned still, and perfect planned, 

Though least and far. 
With earthborn impulse, swift I clasped it near — 
The crystal in my hand was changed a tear. 

A dream upon a human heart 

Was waft to-day, 
And fell soft-free, was clutched, to start 

In pain away. 
A flitting thought in heaven gave it birth, 
It came to be a human tear — on earth. 

Mary Hefferan, '96. 


He sat on an old, half-broken fence by the roadside, and swung his feet 
impatiently. His curly red hair hung in tumbled disorder about his face, 
and his little blue eyes twinkled above his stubby nose. The hot summer 
sun beat down mercilessly upon him, and the tall thistles that grew by the 
fence stung his bare feet; but, oblivious of the unfavorable surroundings, he 
sang softly and watched the bend in the road down which the circus wagons 
were to come. He had not cared to go with the other boys to meet the in- 
coming procession ; he had preferred to wait at his favorite resting place, 
where he could watch the place where that glorious vision of color and 
action would first appear. 

He pictured it all to himself, — the horses with their gayly dressed riders, 
the clumsy elephant, the ill-natured camel, the roaring of the lion, the 
clowns, and the music of the calliope playing, "Do, do, my huckleberry, 

A little cloud passed over his face as he thought of it all, for his dis- 
appointment of the previous morning was still fresh in his mind. He had 
said to his father as they were eating their breakfast of the inevitable bacon 
and potatoes : — 

" Say, Pa, do you think I could go to the circus? I never been to one, 
you know." 


" No, Sam," answered his father slowly ; "I haven't a cent of money." 

Sam had looked up bravely and tried to smile as he replied : — 

"O, well, I kin see the p'rade, anyhow." 

He blinked his eyes as he sat on the fence and remembered that only 
the "p'rade" was for him, but a rumbling noise and a cloud of dust 
announced the approach of the procession, and drove from his mind the 
memory of his disappointment. He thrust his hands deep into his tiny 
pockets and leaned forward, his blue eyes shining with eagerness. When 
the dark-skinned elephants stepped clumsily past he rolled off the fence, 
and running out to get as near as possible, trudged along beside them until 
they reached the outskirts of the town, and the man in charge of the animals 
turned to the red-faced little boy and said : — 

" Hot morning, sonny." 

" Yessir," answered Sam, his face beaming with delight at being 
addressed by a " circus man." 

" Suppose you're comin' to the show," continued the communicative 
gentleman, with a wide smile. 

Sam's face fell , but he answered bravely : — 

" 'Fraid not." 

" Don't you want to ? " 

"You kin just bet I do." 

" Well, now, if you'll come along and help me water the elephants I'll 
give you a ticket for to-night." 

Sam could not speak ; he could only nod and grin in speechless delight. 

He worked all the afternoon, carrying water from the brook half a mile 
away; for there were other animals to be watered besides the elephants, and 
Sam was the only person to do it. He carried water until the perspiration 
rolled from his face in streams, and his small arms ached ; but even then he 
loved the man who had given him the work to do, and felt grateful to the 
animals for being thirsty. 

" What a lucky kid I am," he said to himself when, his tasks done, he 
rested in the early twilight and waited for the ticket which his employer had 
promised to bring him. "I've worked all the afternoon a-carryin' water, 
and now I'm a-goin' to see the show. I'll see the ladies a-ridin' the horses, 
and the little boys a-doin' tricks on the tight ropes, and that funny clown, 


and the man who can tie hisself into knots, and the monkeys and the 
tigers — Gee ! " 

He clasped his hands about his knees and hugged himself rapturously. 

" 'Twon't be long now till he comes with my ticket, — 'cause the people 
is comin' now. I never been to a circus before, but I'm goin' to-night, sure." 

He jumped up from his seat, executed an impromptu jig, and then 
strained his eyes to see if his employer was approaching. He looked until 
the dusk seemed to be composed of thousands of tiny specks of darkness, but 
no one was in sight. 

" If I'd go down by the tent to look for him," he soliloquized, " p'r'aps 
he might come up here and not find me, and then I wouldn't get to go." 

A lump arose in his throat at the thought, and he again seated himself 
on the friendly log and waited in silence. 

It had grown very dark. The tent was filled with people ; the grand 
entree had been made ; the clown with his horribly-painted face and worn- 
out jokes was calling forth shouts of laughter from the audience ; the riders 
were performing many and wonderful feats, and the circus was half over, 
when a little red-headed boy with a freckled face and anxious eyes hurried 
to the ticket-seller's stand. 

"Please, Mister," he said, in a tremulous voice, "the man with the 
elephant promised me to get in if I'd help ; and I worked so hard, and I've 
waited more'n an hour for him, and he never brought me no ticket, and — 
and — please, Mister, can't I go in?" 

The ticket seller smiled — not a pleasant smile. 

" That's hardly likely," he said, " and I've nothing to do with the man 
with the elephant. We've had boys try to work that racket on us before. 
No; I can't let you in." 

Sam's lips trembled, but he made a last attempt. 

" I did work, Mister, honest I did, and I haven't never seen a circus. 
He promised me the ticket. Can't I just go in a minute, or can't I just go 
to one of the littlest side shows? Please, Mister, I do want to go so bad, and 
I worked so hard." 

Never again in all his life did Sam suffer the bitter disappointment that 
he did when the ticket seller replied shortly : — 

"No; run away — you've taken up enough time — hurry, now." 


It was a tired and heart-sore little boy that walked slowly down the 
road through the dark. He tried to sing; but the words of his favorite solo 
that he used so often to sing in the city church, " As Pants the Hart," would 
not come, and he wondered in a vague, childish way if the hart had longed 
for the cooling streams half as much as he had longed for the circus. He 
sat down on a fallen log near his cabin home, and brushed the back of his 
hand across his eyes, as he said with a rising sob that he tried in vain to 
suppress : — 

" I never even saw a little monkey — and me a-workin' so hard all day."' 

Helen Marie Bennett. 


They had formed a great habit of talking people over, they three. The 
Scoffer and the Scientist said what there was to be said in the first place, 
and the little Second Fiddle, who was only a junior, and had not known the 
moral mass added by cap and gown, rephrased their opinions for them in her 
distinctive, neat words of three syllables. The Scientist was avowedly fond 
of the Second Fiddle. The Scoffer said that she was harmonious, and a nice 
little molecule of humanity. At any rate, the Second Fiddle came to be a 
matter of course in the lives of the two gownswomen. 

It happened — as it generally did happen in those days — that the Second 
Fiddle was spending the gray length of a rainy November afternoon in the 
Scientist's room. They had talked over two freshmen and one senior, all 
three well-hashed topics. There seemed to be nothing more to say. The 
Second Fiddle, sitting in the window seat, leaned her pretty head back 
against the shutter and watched the sheets of rain beat down the oak 
leaves from the tree by the driveway. The Scientist fidgeted a little. The 
elevator bell rang crossly from the far end of the corridor, and somebody in 
a room near by began an imperfect banjo solo, stopping every moment or 
two to tune the instrument. Just as the conscientious musician was at last 
fairly making some progress, the Scoffer knocked her businesslike tap-tap 
on the door panel, and entered. 

"There is a new girl, a queer one," she said. (The Scoffer, like a 
model exposition, always made a great point of her dear topic sentence.) 


She sat down sidewise in a wicker chair and leaned her arms, folded, along 
the top. The Scientist only raised her eyebrows a trifle. 

" She is an early type, — Greek, I think," went on the Scoffer. 

"Primitive ? " queried the Scientist, with little show of interest. Primi- 
tive types, in her experience, were usually found to have unicellular minds. 

" Primeval. She is warmly calm," asserted the newcomer. 

"What does she look like? Who is she?" the Scientist asked. " Is 
she like all the rest of them ? " 

"A freshman, of course; the interesting ones always are," said the 
Scoffer. " She's tall, good feet, restful hands, young, and unshakably calm. 
Nobody knows her. No, I'm not going to tell you how she looks ; you 
must see for yourselves." 

" She can't be one of those classical antiquities, can she? You say she's 
young." The Second Piddle had reference to a long line of Venuses, Junos, 
Vestal Virgins, nymphs, and dryads that had arisen, received the tribute of 
a discussion, and one after another retired to uninteresting obscurity. 

" Young — ever and eternally young. It can't be put on ; nobody but a 
genius could act such calm youth — and a genius wouldn't want to. It's real 
enough. She's beautiful," added the Scoffer, irrelevantly. 

"I suppose nothing has ever happened to her," ventured the Second 
Fiddle, dreamily. 

" Yes ;" sighed the Scoffer, with a satisfied little nod. 

" Do you suppose anything ever will happen to her?" asked the Scien- 
tist, more eagerly. 

"I don't know," responded the other. "I doubt — I don't know. 
Only, somehow, one can't fancy it. She makes one think of Ceres, somehow. 
You know the feeling of full harvest time, — that there never can be any end 
or anything else than the clear yellow stalks of wheat and the ripe corn ? It 
is the full-ripe time of year ; it only lasts an hour or two. She makes me 

think of Ceres, and of that, too. Oh ! I can't explain " The Scoffer broke 

off in a little scorn of her own intangible enthusiasm. 

" And nothing has ever happened to her," repeated the Second Fiddle, 
looking out at the oak leaves and the rain again. 

"I should think she might be tiresome," suggested the Scientist, a little 


Nobody answered. There came a light knock on the door, and the 
Scientist interrupted her train of thought to say a vigorous " Come ! " 

A tall girl with a handsome head stood on the threshold. She was 
dressed in black. She hesitated ; it was the wrong room ; she had made a 
mistake. Freshmen often lose their way. 

Scarcely had the door closed behind the wanderer when the Scientist 
said to the Scoffer: "She is Greek, distinctly. And she is certainly 

" I am rusty now in my Homer," began the little Second Fiddle uncer- 
tainly, hesitating as if she were reaching for something through a close mist, 
" but it seems to me that she is more Andromache than Ceres." 

" But Andromache had had things happen to her," objected the Scientist. 

"Yes; I know. But — do you remember the place where Hector is 
gone out, and the baby is with the nurse? She stands on the wall, you 
know, and looks out over the plain, and waits wistfully upon the gods. 
There was nothing to do then, nothing to see, " 

"And she was such a child ! " put in the Scoffer. " I never read any 
further than that. I didn't want to know the end of it." 

"Andromache is certainly very beautiful," the Scientist said again, as 
she sharpened a lead pencil. 

They talked of Andromache often during the winter, and there were 
always the same things to be said. She was calm, young, beautiful, and 
Andromache, a waiting Andromache. Once, along in the spring, the Scoffer 
thought that the beautiful, calm face had changed a little. There seemed to 
be faint signs which might, in the case of an everyday girl, mean a romantic 
affection. The Scoffer talked the matter over with the Scientist, and made 
it the text and inspiration of two long tirades against the " crush" system, 
which were delivered in the presence of the Second Fiddle. At length, 
after a careful weighing, and sifting, and correlating of evidence, the roman- 
tic theory was given up. Andromache was as much a mystery as ever. 

One evening in May the Scoffer, the Scientist, and the Second Fiddle 
went to walk. The weather had been hot, and partly by chance, partly for 
the sake of the coolness of the place, they wandered out along the broad 


height of a near-by aqueduct, where its arch bridged over a long stretch of 
swamp and a rapid stream. 

It was a silent place, and as lonely as the stars. The three companions 
turned their backs on the fading glories of the sunset to watch the mists and 
shadows fill the hollow land beneath them. It was the Scoffer's su£2;estion. 


It was the Scoffer, too, who, after they had stood thus for two or three 
minutes, slipped an arm through the arm of each of them and gently drew 
them away. Out at the edge of the bridge, and leaning against the parapet, 
stood Andromache. She did not see them. Her stately head was thrown 
back. The fading sunset crimson lingered on her beautiful, sad face. Her 
muslin gown hung in soft, straight folds from the waist. And into the wast- 
ing sunset, out over the abyss of lowland and woods beneath her, with its 
shadows and swamps and fog wreaths, out over the rising night, Andromache 
stretched yearning, hungry arms. 

The three had gained the highroad. They had not spoken ; they did 
not look back. The Scoffer broke the silence with something very like a 

" Poor child !" she said. " But it had to come." 

" And Hector? " asked the Scientist. 

The little Second Fiddle was crying quietly, without any pretense at 
concealment. "I'm afraid Hector — isn't," said the Second Fiddle, almost in 
a whisper. 

Emily S. Johnson, '97. 


The sun had gone, and the shadowy night 
Had chased from the sky the last warm light, 
When the waiting wind crept forth, and said, 
' I will shake the reeds and the grasses dead, 
And twist the boughs till they writhe and groan, 
And the swaying pines shall wail and moan, 
And I'll blow and blow where I please," cried he; 

" There is none to see." 
Then the withered grasses were bended low, 
And the quivering reeds shook to and fro, 
While a sad wail came from the old pine tree, 
And the wind laughed on, "There is none to see." 


Then softly, O softly, so bright and still, 
The wide-eyed moon came over the hill; 
Came over and looked with her clear, full light 
Out into the night. 

The telltale shadows began to move 
As the moon kept watch from the hill above. 
The baffled wind stood still ; said he, 
' If I twist the branches the moon will see, 
And the shadows tell if I try to blow." 
With a last low sigh he turned to go, 
While the shadows still and the moon's full light 
Watched out the night. 

S. C. W., '95. 


In the hammock were two little girls in blue frocks and white aprons. 
They sat opposite each other with legs doubled up in Turkish fashion ; and 
each with a large book spread out upon her knees. These books they called 
their paper-doll houses, for between the sheets were kept the dolls and their 
assorted wardrobes ; though the line was but indistinctly drawn, since the 
dolls were but heads, transferable to different bodies according to the appro- 
priateness of the clothes thereon. Judging by the high-pitched little voices, 
life was very full for the paper world just now. 

" Now, Florence, Lady Ellen is to have Evelyn's coming-out tea. She 
is just sixteen, and so beautiful. See, I have painted her dress pink and 
green, like sister's. The back of my book will be the ballroom. She is to 
meet Sir Arthur for the first time, and you must talk for him." 

" But sixteen is too young ; she ought to be eighteen." 

"No, indeed; I'm going to have her die before she's that old. But 
come, let's begin." 

Lady Ellen and the beautiful Evelyn were placed in a corner of the 
ballroom to receive. Enter Sir Arthur in an immaculately fitting dress 
suit, sublimely unconscious of its inappropriateness. 

" You must make Lady Ellen and Evelyn talk, Mary." 


" Yes ; I know. ' Good evening, Sir Arthur ; so delighted to see you. 
This is my daughter, Evelyn. Shake hands with the gentleman, my 

' ' But she wouldn't say ' shake hands with the gentleman ' to a grown 
young lady." 

" Yes, she would. Mothers always forget when their daughters are 
grown ; mamma said so. Now make Sir Arthur talk." 

" ' Good evening. Such a pleasure.' Then he says aloud to himself, 
you know, as they do on the stage : ' What a ravishing young lady, — what 
an angel ! I feel that I love her already. I must win her for my bride 
even at the point of the sword.' " 

" But he hasn't any sword." 

"O, that's just an expression to show he's brave. Then he comes 
near to her and whispers in her ear, ' Beautiful one, may I call you 
Evelyn ? ' " 

" Evelyn says, ' You are too bold, Sir Arthur.' " 

" No, Mary ; she ought to whisper, ' Ask mamma.' " 

"She oughtn't at all, Florence; and, besides, Evelyn's my doll, and 
I'll make her say what I please." 

" O, all right; but I wouldn't have such a slow young lady. Now 
Sir Arthur says, ' Take my arm, and let us go and sit on the staircase.' 
We'll have my knee for the stairs. Let's pretend Sir Arthur leans against 
the banisters, for he's stiff, and will crease for good if I bend him." 

"Now Evelyn says, 'Why don't you go and dance with the other 
young blossoms? There are many beautifuller than I.'" 

" And Sir Arthur says, ' Because since I have seen you, these stars 
can witness ' " 

" But they are in the hall." 

" O, well, the steps then — ' these steps can witness that I love but 
you, and all the world seems to move around me and thee.'" 

" Is he a Quaker?" 

"No; but they always speak so when they are making love. Now 
Evelyn, Mary." 

"Evelyn says, 'Do you mean that you wish me to marry you, Sir 


" ' Call me Arthur, darling.' Now bend Evelyn's head so that it will 
fall on his shoulder, Mary." 

" But ought she to do that ? " 

"Of course she ought. You wouldn't have her sit bolt upright when 
he was lovering, would you? Nobody does." 

"Evelyn answers, 'If you mean that, I cannot, for mamma will 
object.' Lady Ellen must object, you know, for they must run away." 

" Sir Arthur stamps his foot angrily and says, ' What is a mother or 
two ' " 

" She couldn't have two." 

" That makes no difference. He stamps his foot and says : ' What is- 
a mother or two, or a father or more ! We will elope ; we will fly away 
together, dearest, to my home beyond the sea. Even to-night we will do 
it. My foaming steeds are at the gate. Get thee a cloak around thy 
shoulders, and we will steal away under the new moon.' He jumps up and 
goes down here by the hammock ropes to see after the horses." 

" And Evelyn steals up the stairs, peeps into the dressing room to see 
that no maids are there, and throws this heavy red plush cloak lined with 
ermine around her shoulders. Hand me a piece of beeswax to make her 
cloak stick on. Then she skims lightly down the stairs, and waits outside 
here for Sir Arthur. Doesn't she look sweet in that red cloak?" 

" Not so sweet as my Juanita, and I speak to have her come out 

" But it isn't fair to have her run away, too." 

" No ; I'll have her stolen away, or something. Now it's time to have 
Sir Arthur come from the horses. He picks Evelyn up in his anns and 
carries her to the carriage. I wish we had a box instead of this old piece 
of paper. Evelyn faints dead away. He lays her on the carriage seat 
and takes her red plush cape off, and puts this beautiful little gold smelling 
bottle to her nose. That makes her sneeze, and she opens her eyes. And 
he says, ' My angel, my sweetest, my precious precious, I am Arthur, and 
we are in my carriage, and going to a church to be married." 1 

"Oh! Let's pretend that one of the maids did see Evelyn take her 
cloak away, and went down stairs to watch her, and saw Sir Arthur carry 
her off. Let's pretend she tells Evelyn's father, and he jumps on a horse and 


gallops after her. I've got a man for the father. And Evelyn sees him out 
of the little glass in the back of the carriage, and she cries : ' Oh, Arthur, 
there comes my father ! Save me ! He will shut me up in a dark dungeon 
with rats, and he will have your head cut off ! ' " 

"That's a fine idea. And they are now in a dark woods, and the 
carriage is just whipping along. Arthur says, ' My life, we live or die 
together.' Quick, make Evelyn speak, for the father is coming along." 

"Evelyn says, 'Let's get out of the carriage and hide behind the trees, 
for my father is coming nearer and nearer.' Let Sir Arthur stop the horses, 
and pick her out this way, and put her behind this rope for a tree." 

"Then Sir Arthur suddenly draws a pistol from his pocket and says, 
' Shall I kill your father? Shall I put a bullet through his drunken head?'" 

" But he isn't drunk. I won't have my girl's father drunk." 

" We'll pretend Sir Arthur made a mistake. What does Evelyn say?" 

"'If he finds us he must be shot down like a dog.' " 

"Why a dog?" 

"That's the way to say it. Here comes the father. He sees the 
carriage standing in the road, and thinks aloud to himself, ' I would wager 
that the lovers are within a mile.' He goes in the woods %o look, and sees 
Evelyn's red cloak shining behind the tree. He springs to it, when suddenly 
— bang ! the pistol goes off, and he's dead ! " 

" That's right. Pull his head off and throw him down. Now what shall 
Arthur do ? " 

" Sir Arthur must shoot himself, or he'll be hung for murder. He must 
say " 

"I speak for Sir Arthur. He says: 'Good-by, Evelyn, my love. 
Cruel fate has decided that we must both die, but we will meet in heaven, 
and go to a beautiful gold church with silver doors and be married.'" 

"But the father?" 

" Oh, he's in hell." 

"And Evelyn stretches out on the grass so, and says, — but there goes 
the dinner bell ! " 

" Never mind ; go on. We'll have time to kill them." 

" Evelyn says : ' Good-by. Shoot me in the heart, for that is where I 
love you.' And he shoots her in the heart, and then he shoots himself." 


"Yes; then he shoots himself, and they lie out dead under the tree, 
and the little birds cover them with leaves, like the ' babes in the woods.' 
And a great tiger comes out of the woods and swollers the father down whole. 
That's all ; and to-morrow we will play Juanita." 


The sun was shining after a hard rain, with a golden, beautifying light, 
and the air was fresh with the fragrance of newly soaked green things. A 
young girl sat in the hammock, with hands tightly clasping her knee and 
her face alight with feeling. Beside her in a chair was a young man erratically 
snapping the strings of a guitar, and looking away over the cornfield with an 
uneasy glow in his eyes. 

"Play to me," she said. 

"Certainly." He turned his chair so as to face her, and bent over the 
guitar. "This is a song called the "Sighs." Shall I tell the story as I 

" If you wish." 

" First he is, saying, 'I love you hopelessly, I know, but I cannot con- 
ceal it.' . . . This low part says, ' I have tried to master myself, yet ' . . . 
and he goes back to the first . . . ' I can but love you.' Now he says in 
this brisker strain, ' I will go away to work, not troubling you any more, 
but ' . . . and he drops to the depths of his sadness and despair . . . ' I 
will think of you always with unsatisfied yearning.' . . . And then he 
recovers his determination, saying . . . ' Still, my hopelessness shall not 
spoil my life's success, only ' . . . this first part again . . . ' always bear 
in mind that I gave you my best love.'" . . . The words he said were but a 
shadow of the interpretation that shone from his face. 

" Give me the guitar," said she. " I will play you a song called the 
' Whys.' Shall I explain as I play?" 

"If you will." 

' ' This argumentative part says : ' Why are men what they are ? . . . 
Why will they read and read, and still not learn? . . . Why can they never 
understand us girls?' . . . These minor chords say, 'Why will they be- 
moan their unrequited affection, because, forsooth, we conceal our love until 


it is asked?' This discord says, ' They deserve to suffer for their tactless, 
blundering, unenlightened reasoning' — and — this part says, 'Why, when I 
love you, will you go away ? ' . . . and this part says . . . ' Take your hand 
from the strings ; I cannot play.'" 

" I don't want you to play. Is this true?" 


"That you love me." 

" Why, that was only in the song, you know." 

"You know that my song spoke for me. Is your song speaking for 
you ? " 

"Will you let me finish — you are not polite. And this part says, ' My 
heart is yours, though you have not fairly won it.'" 



Dorothy Allen. 



" The king has but one man, that is his wife," exclaimed Mirabeau in a 
burst of enthusiasm after his interview with Marie Antoinette. He, like all 
others who came directly under her influence, was made captive by her 
charm of manner and her power to attach to her whomever she would. Her 
natural force of character was brought into marked relief by the king's 
weakness. Louis XVI. was devoted to her, and could never resist her 
wishes, even against his better judgment. The people knew it, and learned 
to seek her support if they wished royal favors. Marie Antoinette was, 
therefore, in a position to shape the court policy very largely, and her in- 
fluence during the Revolution was necessarily much felt. What use, then, 
did she make of her power ? 

At the opening of the States-General, in 1789, there was already a 
strong undercurrent of public opinion against the queen. It had arisen from 
various sources. Her marriage with Louis was a confirmation of the Austro- 
French Alliance, and this had always been unpopular. The queen was 


naturally loyal to Austria, and Maria Theresa always exei"cised an active 
influence over her daughters, in her own interests. Yet Marie Antoinette 
might easily have overcome any unpopularity on this account. Count Mercy 
d'Argenteau describes her first years in France as an " unprecedented suc- 
cess." Her grace and beauty, her ready wit, her good nature, won all 
hearts. Popular enthusiasm ran so high that one evening at the theater the 
whole audience sprang up and joined the actors in a chorus of praise to the 
young queen. 

But Marie Antoinette loved amusement, and it was not always amusing 
to cater to the public fancy. She outraged the punctilious pride of the 
grande noblesse by her disregard of court etiquette. She appeared at 
masked balls, and gave free play to her passion for gaming and the chase. 
She was quick to show marked signs of favor or disfavor toward her 
courtiers, and too often chose most unworthy friends. Mercy declared that 
the better class of nobles had deserted the court. Slanderous stories were 
set afloat about her, which revived old feelings of distrust of her, as the 
representative of Austria. Count Mercy and Maria Theresa advised and 
warned her, but it was of no use. " She can't bear to make any effort to 
overcome her repugnance to what is disagreeable," wrote Maria Theresa, 
despairingly. When the bitter days of the Revolution came it was too late 
to win back public favor. 

Brought up as she was in ideas of absolutism, with a naturally imperious 
disposition, Marie Antoinette's policy during the Revolution was but the 
natural outcome of her previous attitude toward popular rights. The claims 
of the Parliament of Paris she had described as " revolt and sedition," and 
she had rejoiced at every triumph of royal authority. When the States- 
General were assembled, she was ready as before to urge the complete sup- 
pression of the people's demands. 

Louis, unlike the queen, was willing to make concessions to end the 
civil discord, but, unfortunately, he did not know just what those conces- 
sions should be, and his views changed with each new adviser. His speech 
in the Royal Session of June 23, as planned by Necker, would have sanc- 
tioned the single chamber, or the vote par tete, which would have given the 
third estate its proper proportion of votes in the States-General. But the 
queen's advice overruled Necker's, and Louis commanded the vote par ordre y 


which had always been the law of that body. The clergy, nobles, and third 
estate must then vote each in its separate chamber, and the third estate, 
whose deputies far outnumbered the others, would have but the power of a 
one-third vote. 

There could not have been a greater mistake. The bitter wrongs of 
centuries had grown utterly unendurable, and the people had at last learned 
to appreciate the causes of their wretchedness, and to comprehend that there 
was a means of escape. If the king and queen had co-operated then in the 
work of reform, they would have identified their own interests with the wel- 
fare of the people, and there need have been no violent overthrow of one 
party or the other. But no one at court understood the situation. They 
believed they could go on crushing and intimidating forever, and the king's 
speech in the Royal Session was calculated to do the work. But instead of 
intimidating them, it roused in the deputies a passionate determination to 
resist. The king was forced to yield most ignominiously and grant the 
single chamber. From that day the Revolution was an established fact. 

In dictating these measures Marie Antoinette had been greatly influ- 
enced by the Count d'Artois and his fellow-courtiers, who made her the 
means of carrying out their plans with the king. Yet she listened readily, 
as their opinions coincided with her own. They either could not under- 
stand, or would not heed the signs of the times. After their failure in the 
Royal Session they were still determined to enforce submission at any cost. 
If royal commands did not intimidate, l'oyal troops might. Broglie and his 
regiments were brought to Paris, much against the kino's real wishes. 
Necker, the people's favorite, was dismissed from the ministry. The result 
was the taking of the Bastille, and another humiliating act of submission from 
the king. Louis had to recall Necker, because the people willed it. Here 
was a new impetus given to the Revolution. The rabble of Paris, after July 
14, learned that they, as well as the Assembly, could have their own way. 

Louis was still beloved by the people, who attributed his conduct to his 
advisers ; but the queen's former recklessness of public opinion was against 
her, and her hostility to reform was generally known. All that she did was 
distorted by an excited populace. They made her the object on which to 
vent their rage. She should have realized her need of inspiring confidence, 
and it was not too late to have done it. But she had not the same discern- 


ment of the popular character that she afterwards acquired. Instead of 
soothing, she irritated the people, though often unintentionally. Her 
appearance at the officers' banquet of October 1 had this effect. 

Threatened as she was by the people, it was natural for Marie Antoin- 
ette to encourage an outburst of loyalty on the part of the soldiers. But, at 
a time when passions were so easily roused, it was very imprudent. The 
banquet was not the sole cause of the uprising of October 5 and 6, yet the 
queen's presence there gave a new pretext for popular wrath against her, 
and called forth a new storm of abuse from the Jacobin press. 

After this, not only the monarchy, but any form of orderly government, 
was in great danger. The mob had begun to act in opposition to the 
Assembly as well as to the king, and it conquered both. This was so not 
only in Paris, but all over France. The government's only hope lay in the 
steady pursuance of some definite course of action. Hitherto it had been 
drifting with the current. Louis was incapable of planning anything. The 
queen was the real ruler of the court, and with her lay the responsibility for 
its policy. But she was not equal to the emergency. She had courage, but 
not sound political judgment, and her failures are perhaps less her fault than 
her misfortune. Her position had come to be such that none but a great 
statesman could fill it with any chance of success, and even he could make 
but a doubtful fight against such opposing forces. 

If the queen had not herself political wisdom enough to devise a strong 
course of action, one was planned for her at three of the great crises of 
the revolution, and steady support from her might in each case have 
saved her. But Marie Antoinette, strangely blind to her own interests, 
refused the proposals of Mirabeau, of Barnave, and of Dumouriez, and per- 
sisted in looking to foreign powers for aid ; a course which, more than an}^- 
thing else, proved fatal to the monarchy. 

Shortly after Oct. 6, 1789, Mirabeau presented his first memoir to the 
court. He urged Louis to support the new constitution, to take the in- 
itiative in the work of reform, and to choose a responsible ministry from the 
different parties of the Assembly. He also showed the necessity of the 
king's leaving Paris, where the Assembly was at the mercy of the mob, for 
some provincial town. If the Assembly refused to follow, a new one might 
be called, and all partisans of order would be ranged with the constitution 
and the king. 


But the queen detested Mirabeau, and she would have nothing to do 
with his projects. She had always been governed by personal prejudice, 
and what Mercy had said of her a few years before was still true : " She can't 
take the trouble to consider a systematic plan of conduct." La Marck com- 
plains that when he went to urge her acceptance of Mirabeau's services, the 
purpose of his audience was almost lost sight of. She fried to turn it away, 
and chat, in her graceful manner, of trivial things. 

When all else seemed to fail, however, she gave Mirabeau power to act. 
But the revolutionary forces had then gained greater momentum, and her 
distrust of him continually hindered the powerful effect he might have had 
in checking the ever-increasing anarchy. She accepted him rather with the 
feeling that she was quieting a foe, than with any true recognition of his 
genius. Of the greatest statesman in France, and the wisest friend of the 
monarchy, Marie Antoinette and her friends merely say, " It is interesting 
to have him on our side " ! 

While the court pretended to adopt Mirabeau's plan of trusting to the 
nation for support, the queen was secretly urging Leopold to rouse Europe 
in her behalf. She never seemed to see that the monarchy could be securely 
established only by identifying it with lawful reforms, and uniting its inter- 
ests to those of the nation. She placed her interests continually in direct 
antagonism with those of the people. 

The flight of the king and queen from Paris in June, 1791, was an 
attempt to gain safety with Leopold's troops, where, the queen hoped, Louis 
could play a glorious part as mediator between France and a foreign army. 
But the whole affair was too clumsily managed for any chance of success. 
It destroyed the last vestige of confidence in both king and queen, and 
branded them as traitors. Louis had been as eager to escape as the queen, 
but it was against the "Austrian woman" that all the abuse was hurled. 
"Execrable woman, evil genius of France, thou wast the leader of this con- 
spiracy!" cries Freron, and his words were caught up on every side. Up 
to this time there had been no open threat against the monarchy, but men 
began to talk freely now of a republic. 

While this event estranged one party of revolutionists, it opened the 
eyes of Barnave and Lafayette, and drew them closer to the monarch. It is 
doubtful whether these constitutionalists could have checked the growth of 


republicanism at so late a date. The moderate club of the " Feuillants," 
which they inaugurated, could have gained little headway against the energy 
of the Jacobins. There was much division among themselves, and they had 
planned no definite line of conduct. Their new position as supporters of the 
king, whom they had so lately opposed, was not understood by the people. 
Yet if, when Barnave sought to unite his own with the court party, he had 
had the zealous support of the queen, much might have been accomplished. 
She was still, however, in hopes of foreign aid, and refused to adopt any of 
his measures. She even encouraged his opponents, thinking to profit by a 
division among the leaders of the Assembly. 

In looking outside of France for help, Marie Antoinette was not de- 
sirous of actual war. Her letters to Leopold were full of appeals for armed 
interference, yet she hoped that an armed congress would suffice to intimi- 
date France. "Let us have no civil war, no invasion of emigres, and, if 
possible, no foreign war," she wrote. At her urgent request Leopold dis- 
persed the armed forces of the emigr&s, for she realized the people's hatred 
and suspicion of them, and wished the emperor to act independently of 

When war broke out, however, the queen trusted to foreign powers en- 
tirely. She refused every offer of aid from within the kingdom. Lafayette 
wished to place the royal family under the protection of his army, but Marie 
Antoinette replied that it would be better to perish than to owe safety to the 
man who had done them the most mischief. 

Lafayette had never shown wisdom enough to warrant the queen's con- 
fidence, but she cannot be so easily excused for rejecting Dumouriez. He 
had popularity to give weight to his measures, and foresight and resolution 
enough to form and execute an able plan. He besought the queen to let him 
save her. But again, as at every other critical period, she was actuated by 
her prejudice against a man who had supported the revolutionary party, and 
by her confidence in foreign armies. She and Louis kept up their corre- 
spondence with the allies. 

The people could not fail to obtain knowledge of this correspondence. 
All their patriotism had been stirred by the invasion of the country, and the 
thought that the king and queen were conspiring with the enemy exasperated 
them beyond endurance. It furnished a pretext for the trial of the king 


which the fiercer revolutionists were only too ready to seize. Louis and 
Marie Antoinette were made to forfeit their lives as traitors. 

Marie Antoinette has been called Louis's evil genius. Everything that 
she did certainly weakened her own cause. Yet Louis's ruin was caused as 
much by his own weak irresolution, as by the queen's persistent but cour- 
ageous resistance. It was not she alone who hurried the state into anarchy. 
"You moderates," said Mirabeau, " who were not enough so to appreciate 
me; you ministers, who have not made a step that is not a fault; and you, 
foolish Assembly, who don't know what you say, or what you do, — it is 
these that have caused the harm." 

Everything conspired together against the monarchy. The queen, 
holding power in her hands, had not the capacity to wield it. She was 
heroic, but not wise. She was not great enough for the times upon which 
she had fallen. She and Louis XVI. were the victims of their own lack of 

Edith P. Thomson, '92. 


The big brick church stood midway on the long, maple-bordered street 
between the village store and the " Corners." Perhaps this central position 
was meant to emphasize its importance in the life of the Scotch village. 
Next to the church was the rambling, comfortable brick parsonage ; and next 
to that, but separated by two wide fields, stood a cozy white cottage with 
green blinds and a shady piazza. It stood a little back from the road, as 
all our houses did in that small country town, and there was a narrow board 
walk from the front gate up to the house. In summer time there were always 
hollyhocks blooming around the walls, and spicy, old-fashioned pink roses 
in the garden plot, and tall, fragile French lilacs, and whole rows of candy- 
tuft, and vigorous little Scotch daisies. I know about the flowers, because I 
used to get bouquets when I went to the cottage on errands. I seem to asso- 
ciate the smell of ginger cookies with the cottage, too, but this may be only 


This was the home of the Misses Macintosh, — Miss Margaret, who was 
Miss Macintosh both by age and by pre-eminence, and Miss Mary, who was 
delicate and — well, nervous. 

Miss Macintosh, whom I knew the better, was about seventy when I 
was eight. She was tall and slight, with snapping black eyes and iron-gray 
side puffs. In the house she used to wear a little lace cap and a kerchief 
fastened with a dainty old cameo. On the street she wore an old-style silk 
bonnet and a long silk circular, or else a lace bonnet and shawl. In this 
garb she would set forth, " to arrange the affairs of the parish," as the min- 
ister sometimes said when he was in a cynical mood. Truly, no young 
person who had been playing cards, and no older person who had been in 
any degree lax in his church duties, was safe from Miss Macintosh's notice 
and censure. In fact one did not need to be guilty of anything heinous at 
all to attract her interest. It was enough simply to be, to exist, and to have 
her know }'Ou. Then your every action excited her comment, and was never 

One day there was company at the manse (it may be observed that 
these notes are taken mainly from a window seat in the manse), so Miss 
Macintosh had seen from the lattice work on the end of her piazza. There 
was a gray-haired man who stooped a little, and a very straight, thin woman. 
Who could they be? Certainly not Broadalbin people. She knew every 
neighbor for miles around. Really, she would like to know. 

The minister's young wife was entertaining her guests very successfully. 
They were the sister and brother-in-law of a lady in the parish. They lived 
in St. Louis, and had only been in Broadalbin once since their wedding. 
Everything was passing off beautifully ; the children had behaved perfectly 
when they came in, and now the conversation had turned on ecclesiastical 
conditions in the West. 

The doorbell rang. The conversation went steadily on. The parlor 
door was opened, and there stood Miss Macintosh, impressive, cordial and 
interested. The hostess rose, trying not to look anxious. 

"I am so glad to see you, Miss Macintosh; and may I introduce two 
old friends of yours, Mr. and Mrs. MacVein." The visitors from the West 
bowed with dignity, but Miss Macintosh went up and kissed Mrs. MacVein 
and shook Mr. MacVein's hand. Then she sat down opposite in an easy- 


"Indeed," she said, "I will never forget Mrs. MacVein. I remember 
well how you came into church the Sabbath after you were married, with the 
wedding ring outside your glove." 

"I remember nothing of the kind," replied the lady from St. Louis, 

" Yes ; you must have forgotten," returned Miss Macintosh, cheerfully. 
" It was my brother James who called my attention to it ; and many a time 
we have laughed over it. And, Mr. MacVein, did you ever hear what my 
poor, dear brother used to say about you?" 

Mrs. MacVein had turned to the minister's wife with a risino; flush on 
her cheeks, and had begun to describe the work of their missionary society 
at home. 

No ; Mr. MacVein had never heard what James said about him. 

"Well, James always said, ' How did that nice-looking girl ever take that 
very homely man ? ' Strange how some things always stick in your memory , 
isn't it? I always think of that remark of James's when I hear your name." 

Mr. MacVein did not seem to enjoy the reminiscence very much, and he, 
too, turned to the missionary discussion with great interest. This was a 
safe topic, and the little hostess kept it going steadily. After a while Miss 
Macintosh rose to 2:0. As she fastened her lonsr circular she said : "You 
must come and make me a visit while you are in Broadalbin. You know we 
have all the old times to talk over." I do not remember that the visitors 
promised to go, but Miss Macintosh bade them good afternoon very gra- 
ciously and went out. The next day she asked the minister's wife if she 
ever met such stiff", uninteresting people as those Mac Veins. 

She often made informal calls at the parsonage, at all hours from seven 
in the morning, before we had had breakfast, till nine at night. One morn- 
ing she came into the sitting room, where the minister's wife was sewing. 
There was a merry twinkle in her eyes, and for a few minutes she had 
nothing to say. Then she laughed softly and sat forward. " Did you hear 
James Creighton's prayer in meeting last night?" 

"Yes; an excellent one, wasn't it?" This came abstractedly. "This 
muslin looked as if it would not wear very well." 

" Excellent? did you hear what I said? But then you always say the 
best about people. No ; it was a very weak prayer. I'm afraid James isn't 


as particular as he ought to be about family worship, or he would be more 
fluent in public exercises. Suppose I speak to him about it ? " 

"Margaret!" This showed great excitement. My mother put down 
her sewing. "For any sake, don't. Really, you mustn't think of such a 

" O, of course then, I won't. But James has no wife, and Mary is 
too young to speak to him about such things, and you know a man needs 
stirring up a good deal." My mother's advice carried the day, as it usually 
does, and we never knew about Mr. Creighton's family devotions. 

But we learned more of Miss Macintosh as the years went on. We 
knew how the sitting-room carpet was made to last another year, so that the 
usual subscription might go to the dear brick church whose corner stone was 
laid by Duncan Macintosh in 1785. We knew, too, that when she made 
fewer visits around the neighborhood, it was because the invalid sister 
had to be amused and petted. Then we forgave her for coming in the 
back way to inspect the preparations for dinner, and we forgave her 
for asking the maid if we had breakfast later or earlier on Sabbath morn- 
ing. We laughed, and said it was only Miss Macintosh, and loved her none 
the less. 

The gossips said that she had a bit of a love story. That when she was 
even straighter and merrier than when I knew her, she fancied a Reverend 
Doctor from Philadelphia ; but he was oblivious to her interest, and married 
four other wives, — one after the other, of course, — and at last died himself. 
However this was, there was nothing of the "blasted hopes and saddened 
life" type about her. The Doctor always called on her when she visited in 
Philadelphia, and always referred to her as "my esteemed friend, Miss 
Macintosh." Probably the whole story was only gossip after all, for she 
took a keen and unembarrassed interest in all affairs matrimonial, and did not 
hesitate to give sly hints to eligible spinsters and bachelors. 

I shall never forget the day she heard that the minister was going to 
leave. At first she thought it was only for a year's vacation. She came 
over to the manse that morning and began to grumble. 

" Whatever will the church do? Who will look after us?" 

"But you see it is for good he is going, Miss Macintosh. You will 
look out for another minister right away." 


The thin, white face with the bright, dark eyes and handsome features 
looked at my mother in a dazed way for a minute. Then she rose without 
a word and went quickly down the garden walk. I watched her hurry 
home, past the fields, up the long country road, the slim, lithe figure more 
bowed than I had ever seen it before. At last she reached the pretty, white 
cottage, and no one saw her again that day. 

"She will be sorry," said my mother. "One can count on her 

I never saw her after that summer. And now they say that the cottage 
belongs to people with an Adirondack name and no traditions. But I 
always think of it as the Macintosh cottage ; and if possession is nine points 
of the law, perhaps her spirit still holds it, and tends the spicy pink roses in 
the garden. 

Margaret Young Henry, '97. 


A message clothed in poet's word, 

A soul-gift, all divinely wrought, 

And then, as echo to the thought, 
A strain of music, faintly heard. 

Small cause for joy; but yet the fear 

And fret of earth a moment's space 

From me were gone ; and in their place, 
The peace that comes when God draws near. 

Helen Pearson Mabgesson, 'i 



In the springtime, when the violets and hepaticas are blooming, fairies 
dance and play among the flowers. But these brown, autumnal days a tiny 
race peoples the woods which finds its fun among the dead oak leaves. 

Not many days ago I was studying the color in a heap of fallen leaves 


There was golden-brown, and chestnut-brown, and a richer, ruddy-brown. 
Suddenly one dried blade raised up, and what might have been an acorn 
rolled from underneath. With a bound, there stood a little creature all 
brown from head to toe, two brown, mischievous eyes, two red-brown, jolly 
cheeks, and two lips which had but little need of contact with brown earth 
to be brown too. There was a rustle, and my little brownie was gone. 


The road is arched with yellow and scarlet, — a glory intangible and in- 
describable. In the sunlight, it is consuming brightness ; in the shadow, 
the softened brilliance from a cathedral window. Will it vanish, or may I 
walk beneath it? 

M., '96. 


" Civilization is deadening," Sophia announced, sententiously. 

We were sitting together upon the edge of a high rock, overlooking the 
western horizon. The faint afterglow of the sunset was tinging the sky with 
redness. A star, clear and solitary, gleamed above. Sophia broke a long 
silence by her remark. 

"If that iv ere true, Sophia," I said, reproachfully, "what has it to do 
with the sunset ? " 

"It ruins the sunset," said Sophia. " Not for you, nor for me — usually, 

but . What do you think that little Mrs. Thorn said to me to-day? You 

know she prides herself upon her taste, her refinement of elegance, her 
artistic sense." The delicate irony of Sophia's tone was expressive. "She 
told me this morning," Sophia went on, " that when she looks at any bit of 
Nature, — it seems she takes her Nature in bits, homeopathically, — well, 
when she takes a dose, she screws up her eyes, puts her head a little to one 
side, critically, and imagines a frame around the bit. Only so can she tell 
whether that view is equal to the demands of her sensitive, artistic taste. 
Fancy a frame, a handsome, square, gilt frame around this sky ! " 


The solitary star gleamed in the clearness of the west. The last pink 
flush lay along the horizon's edge. The beautiful day was done. 


"Polly," Sophia said to me one day, "I am tired of restraining my 
natural impulses and pruning my conversation of all save commonplaces, 
lest I should be suspected of knowing something. If I do know something, 
occasionally, why should I not be allowed to say so ? " 

" I allow you, Sophia," I said meekly. 

"Oh, you! Yes, you do, but that doesn't count. I mean society 
with a capital S. It is not good form to let drop a foreign phrase, for in- 
stance, or to quote poetry, because, forsooth, that would be pedantic. As 
if poetry were pedantry ! or as if pedantry were a crime ! I called upon 
Mrs. White to-day." Sophia's tone grew reminiscent. "Dear little old 
lady ! You know she gave a formal reception the other day, and I had to 
call. I expected to be bored, — and to bore, — but Polly, it was delightful. 
She is a society woman, you know, but, thank fortune, just a wee bit old- 
fashioned, and — she recited a poem. Something suggested it. ' Do you 
know that little poem of — Heine's ? ' she said, and she sat up in her chair, 
folded her hands quaintly in her lap, and began. The room was dusky and 
there was firelight." Sophia paused. Then, "It gave the day distinction — 
and charm," she said reflectively. 

" Sophie, cherie, let us be old-fashioned," I said. 

"Let us be natural, even if we do know something," said Sophia, 

M. D. E. Laudekburn. 



The Boston theatrical world is soon to ring again with enthusiasm and 
praise for the Grand Opera. The remarkable success of last year's season 
of " Wagner Opera in German," a success unparalleled for many years, has 
led Mr. Damrosch to continue the organization, and to carry it on this year 
on a scale even larger than before. 

The company will number nearly two hundred members, with the New 
York Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Mr. Walter Damrosch and 
a chorus of eighty picked voices. 

Some of the most noted Wagnerian singers in the musical world are 
numbered among the artists : Klofsky, Stoll, Mulder, Galski, Fischer, 
Alvary, Popovici, Gruening, and a long list full of genius and talent. 

The Opera is to consist of twelve performances at the Boston Theatre, 
beginning Monday evening, February 3, and covering a period of two 
weeks. The programme includes eight of the Wagner Operas, " Tann- 
hauser," " Lohengrin," " Die Walkure," " Seigfried," " Die Meistersinger," 
"Tristan and Isolde," Die Gotterdammerung," "The Flying Dutchman;" 
Beethoven's ' ' Fidelio " ; Weber's ' ' Der Frieschiitz " ; and Damrosch's 
"Scarlet Letter," this being the first performance of this opera in 


It is time the Gospel of Natural Happiness was preached at Wellesley. 
We Wellesley girls may be conscientious, thoughtful, intellectual, but we 
are not sufficiently lighthearted and gay. Where are the animal spirits of 
youth? The girls we meet are solemn, harassed or blue more often than 
cheerful and vivacious. Whether we trace the cause of this to overwork, 
real personal trouble, habit, or the influence of the moods of others, it is not 
only harmful but unnatural to be unhappy. Yet the remedy for most of 


this unhappiness is simple. Health produces happiness, and happiness 
health. Everything we do normally makes us healthy and happy. It is 
as normal for girls as for boys to spend part of the day in healthful physical 
activity, in joy-making sports, to be overflowing with pure animal spirits. 
There is no brain-feeder like this natural happiness which exercise 

Gymnastics are a useful form of exercise as far as they go ; especially 
are they necessary to students as a corrective and a preventive. If a girl 
comes to college bent over and narrow chested, there is nothing like system- 
atic gymnastics to straighten her back and broaden her shoulders. More- 
over, gymnastics serve as an antidote to any physical evils which might be 
induced by poring over books. But, after all, gymnastics are artificial, and 
only a most diverting teacher can make them a pleasure and a consequent 
means of nerve stimulus and real health to her pupils. 

The normal exercise is taken out of doors. But a walk to the village 
and back with a studious companion who wishes to discuss the last Psychology 
lecture is not the right sort of recreation, for recreation ought literally to re- 
create one, body and soul. The most natural and healthful form of recreation 
is the game, the out-of-door sport. There are many girls, however, who, if 
told to go out and play, especially in the winter, would stand on the board 
walk in as helpless dismay as that of a child bidden to read Greek. This 
brings us to the important point, that here at Wellesley we ought to have 
more out-of-door sports, — organized sports, — in which every girl, weak or 
strong, could join. Already we have class crews and basket-ball teams, but 
few girls receive the benefit of these, and that only during a few weeks in late 
spring and early autumn. Besides the specially selected class and college 
teams, we need clubs for different sports, like the English hockey and cricket, 
to which every girl in college should belong. The girls should then play 
regularly, according to their ability and strength, and should not always be 
confined to the same game. We need organization for this, for there can be 
no success or permanent interest in such undertakings unless there be system 
and control. 

The truth is that we are falling behind our athletic reputation. For 
winter sports we have nothing to compare with the Snow-Shoe Club at Smith, 
their indoor basket-ball teams, and their Walking Club. Our Walking Club 


apparently does not walk in the winter. Where is a Wellesley Skating Club, 
to have kept the ice clear of snow during the past month ? Our crews have 
been our special pride, but the young women at Cornell are starting out now 
with crews, boathouse and shells. At Bryn Mawr, Vassar, and Smith 
swimming is taught. All the girls at the Woman's College of Baltimore 
learn to swim. Bryn Mawr is famous for basket ball, which nearly all the 
girls play. They have at Bryn Mawr, and at Vassar as well, a regulation 
outing costume suitable alike for the lecture room and the field. With all 
our opportunities of lake and broad grounds we shall be left behind if we do 
not bestir ourselves. Yet what is loss of reputation compared with the loss 
of re-creation, which it means? 

Our English college sisters go beyond all American college girls. They 
take active exercise as much as a matter of course as eating and sleeping. 
The following is quoted from a personal letter from a Girton girl: "Our 
chief source of recreation at Girton during the greater part of the year is 
tennis, on grass in the summer, on gravel in the winter. Our chief winter 
game is hockey. We play this on gravel. It is something like football, 
only played with a stick, rather like a golf stick. This is a fine game, 
especially for cold weather. One hour's hockey is equal to several hours' 
tennis or walking. It is very useful as an exercise because you get a great 
deal of exercise in a short time. We have a special costume for the game, — 
a short blue skirt, blouse and cap, — also many students wear gloves, it is so 
cold. . . . We also play golf a good deal, and this was the favorite game 
before hockey came on. Cricket I think is a splendid game, but hockey is 
superior, as you can play it in the winter. We have Cricket, Tennis, Hockey, 
Golf, and other Clubs, and each has officers who arrange all matters concern- 
ing the club's business and match games. We often have matches with other 
colleges, chiefly in tennis and hockey. ... At Newnham the games are 
nearly the same as ours, but of course being out of Cambridge we can have 
more variety. Our gymnasium is very small, but we have so much in the 
way of organized outdoor sports — and our climate fortunately permits it — that 
we get along." These organized sports of all sorts are what we need at 
Wellesley. We have only to desire them to have them. For our happiness 
and health, and in order to keep pace with other colleges, let us take some 
active interest in this matter of organized sports for all. 



Last week, instead of the pages usually devoted to the Free Press, 
appeared the notice that no contributions had been received. This month, 
although the department holds its place in the Magazine, it is upon uncertain 
footing. One requisite for its success is that the contributions be "free," 
and this feature grows less and less conspicuous each month. It should not 
be necessary to solicit articles, and at last the weary editor, who has be- 
sieged friends and acquaintances with reproach, sarcasm and supplication, 
only to be met with good-natured denials or elusive half promises, rises to 
remonstrate. The question, however, whatever the editors may say about it 
in solemn conclave, has passed from their hands. It depends now entirely 
upon the students whether this department of the Magazine be continued. 
If the Free Press is still to hold its place, it must be supported by voluntary 
contributions ; if it is to cease to exist, each student in college bears a share 
of the responsibility. 

It is not a little loss that all will experience if the Free Press goes. In 
it each student is given an opportunity to remonstrate over any grievance, 
to congratulate the College upon any reform or acquisition. Here Faculty 
and students can discuss questions of vital interest to the College. Perennial 
subjects can have their periodical stirring up. There is no other way in 
which all sides of vexed questions can be aired. If the authorities were to 
decree that there should no longer be a Free Press department, the College 
would be afire with indignation. Mass meetings would be held to remon- 
strate. Nobody objects to its existence, however, and with not unusual in- 
consistency, the Free Press is suffered to decline from want of patronage. 

If there were nothing to write about it would be a different matter. If 
the student body had no grievances or pleasures, there would be an excuse 
for a lack of interest in the Free Press. Everywhere one goes, however, 
college topics are discussed. At the dinner table, in the library, at the 
center between classes, these subjects are eagerly debated. Yet no one has 
the energy or courage to put any of these emphatically expressed opinions 
upon paper, affix her initials, and dispatch them to eager and expectant 
editors. Ah, no ! however much grumbling goes on, the only way to bring 
woes to public notice is neglected. 


Somebody has said that a nation is surely in danger when its people 
cease to have an interest in its government, and that so long as it keeps its 
public spirit keen and clear there is little to be feared for it. The maxim 
might well be applied to this smaller commonwealth. Interest in college 
topics must not be lost ; even less should the true interest which exists be 
concealed. Every one admits that the Free Press is a good thing. Some 
would even say that it was the most significant feature of the Magazine. 
Shall it not have in the future the heartiest support of each student ? 


On Tuesday evening, January 14, seven of the students wished to 
attend the annual Young People's Suffrage Meeting, but were unable to do 
so, because no chaperon could be found. Now, as to safety, every one 
knows it is perfectly safe for one girl (to say nothing of seven) to go alone 
from the Huntington and Columbus Avenue stations to the Y. M. C. A. Hall, 
where the suffrage meeting was held. As to propriety, surely any college 
women should be able to conduct themselves with perfect dignity and pro- 
priety at any public place ; but when the case in consideration is that of 
seven young women who care enough about woman's enfranchisement to 
give to that cause one of their busy evenings, any other supposition is 
ridiculous. If, however, there is no chance of the abolition of this antique 
and absurd rule of chaperonage, we would suggest that those who enforce it 
should see that the chaperon supply is equal to the demand, and that indis- 
pensable article as easily obtained for a suffrage meeting as for a symphony 
concert or a Harvard reception. 

M. T., '94. 


Trusting in the broad purpose of the Free Press, I venture to speak a 
word, not of lament, of argument, or of useful information, but merely of 
hopefulness. So much has been said and written — not without foundation 
— of the ignorance of college women as to affairs of the day, and of the 
narrowness of their interests, that any improvement in this direction seems 


worthy of remark. No one who passes the Gertrude Library frequently can 
doubt, from the number using the newspapers, the eagerness of a large por- 
tion of students to keep up with current topics. A convincing proof of the 
truth of this is the fact that one has to wait, at almost all hours of the day, 
for a glimpse at any New York or Boston daily ; and even the awe-inspiring 
majesty of the London Times has its regular adherents. Wherever papers 
are taken in the smaller college houses, their war-worn appearance testifies 
to the same growth of public interest. The Wellesley maiden is undoubtedly 
throwing off one of her few reproaches, and becoming mentally even more 
alive than she has been in the past. 

M., '96. 


To the present writer has come a severe criticism of a certain term at 
this season of the year much in use among us. We are given to alluding just 
now, in more or less lugubrious tones, to the ordeal of "cramming" about 
to be undergone. (It — and its more or less successful results — will be all 
over before the Magazine emerges into the light of common day from the 
editorial sanctum ; but never mind ! This will be interesting for next time.) 

Now, my critic asserts emphatically that the word " cram" has absolutely 
no place in our Wellesley vocabulary. (She does make one exception, but 
its application is, unluckily, too personal for present use.) She maintains — 
whether on the authority of the " Century Dictionary" or no, the writer is 
unable to state, time being pressing — that "to cram " is to learn in a day — 
or a night, better — immediately preceding a final examination, what should 
have been acquired by diligent, daily grind throughout the term. As few 
courses here offer as an inducement such opportunity for omission of daily 
preparation, my critic refuses to look upon black-circled eyes, pale cheeks, 
and innumerable " busy" signs during the examination period, as indications 
of anything more than the "eminently desirable systematic review, which 
should always close the consideration of any subject." 

It is, therefore, in behalf of the accurate use of collegiate English, that 
attention is called to this wide distinction of terms, and the suggestion offered 
that we immediately correct our error, and begin our "systematic review," 
thereby ceasing longer to detract from the dignity of the time-honored verb, 


" to cram." To be sure, " systematic review " is a trifle unwieldy to manage 
gracefully as yet, but it is impossible to doubt its skillful and rapid trans- 
formation to a neatly abbreviated form at the hands of a community for 
whom " Gym." is a requirement for a degree, and who are well versed in 
«< Math.," " Lit.," and " Poly-Con." 


Theoretically, a college woman is not afraid to ask questions about 
subjects of which she has no other means of knowing. Yet we are often 
conscious, all of us, of losing good opportunities for having some obscure 
point explained to us, merely because we will not ask questions. Sometimes 
a large part of an interesting class discussion will be lost on us because some 
fundamental idea is not clear in our minds. It may be something of which 
our ignorance is not at all blameworthy ; but we imagine that every one else 
knows it, and shrink from exposing our ignorance. One of the Abbey 
pictures, which have lately called our attention to the Holy Grail legend, 
illustrates this strikingly. When Sir Galahad had reached the Palace of 
King Amfortas, and was so near the fulfillment of his heart's desire, it seems 
so pathetic, so unnecessary, that all should have been thwarted by his 
unwillingness to ask that simple, natural question, — a foolish one, he thought 
it — on which his whole success depended. Yet when we let this same 
mistaken pride stand in the way of our growth and development, do we not 
just as surely lose the object of our quest? 

J. D. R., '97. 


The number of books on pedagogical subjects increases rapidly as 
teachers are coming to a realization of the meaning of Pedagogics as a 
science. The latest addition to Heath's Pedagogical Library, English in 
American Universities, consists of "twenty articles upon the teaching of 
English in as many American colleges and universities, prepared in each 
case by one of the leading department professors of the institution in 
question." The book is of especial value as affording an excellent basis for 


comparison and generalizations regarding the teaching of English in this 
country. A point of significance is the distinction drawn in many of the 
papers between English as Rhetoric, as Etymology and Language, and as 
Literature. An excellent article by Prof. Katharine Lee Bates upon the 
teaching of English at Wellesley has received favorable comment in the 
introduction of the book. 


English in American Universities, edited, with an introduction, by 
William Morton Payne. D. C. Heath & Co. $1.00. 

Places and Peoples, edited and annotated by Jules Luquiens, Ph.D. 
Ginn & Co. 


There is ground for suspicion that the approaching mass of mid-year 
work has cast a chilling shadow before over the January magazines of most 
of the colleges. With the exception of a few periodicals which are never to 
be found wanting, the exchanges of the past month give the reader a feeling 
of disappointment. Taken as a whole, they are distinctly inferior to the 
Christmas numbers. 

In these days the contributors to college publications seem to devote 
their efforts chiefly toward fiction, to the neglect of more serious composition. 
The tendency, however, is not wholly to be deplored, since the last maga- 
zines contain no article so "heavy" as to be burdensome, and none — be it 
said with gratitude — which smack of the class room. The University of 
Toronto Magazine has two clear and scholarly essays upon Huxley, the man 
as well as the logician and scientist, and upon ' ' Goethe's Works as Con- 
fessions" of his own personal experiences. In the Yale Literary Magazine, 
which has, this month, all its wonted excellence and finish, we notice with 
pleasure the sympathetic character study of Arthur Hugh Clough ; also 
" Bachelor Ballads," which has about it such appreciativeness and delicate 
touches of fancy as are all too rare in papers of literary criticism. All who 
are interested in journalism will find in " Women and the Making of News- 


papers," in the Smith College Monthly, an interesting account of the expe- 
riences of a college girl in editorial work. 

Verily, the undergraduate story writer must be a happy creature ; other- 
wise, he would probably devote himself less to the topics of woe and deso- 
lation. It is no gentle pathos that he treats, but the unlovely tragedies of 
everyday life and unchangeable human nature. Some of these dark-toned 
sketches are, nevertheless, well and strongly drawn, particularly, "A Girl 
I Knew," in the Amherst Literary Monthly, and the hypnotic tale, " Science 
and Christian Charity," in the Harvard Advocate of January 13. "At the 
Eleventh Hour," in the Yale Courant for January 11, and the story of Josef 
Hof and Sebastian Bach, in the Vassar Miscellany, are worthy of mention. 
Artistically, the best productions of the month are certain scenes from child 
life. Two of them, "A Spirit," in the Amherst Literary Magazine, and 
" The Little Moonshiner," in the Vassar Miscellany, are pathetic little tales 
of childish devotion. The University of Chicago Weekly, January 2, has a 
really delightful idyl, " The Child and the Man." " A Threefold Cord," in 
the /Smith College Monthly, is noteworthy for its exquisite descriptive 

The verse of the month is not abundant, and the best examples of it 
seem to be concentrated in a few magazines. A long narrative poem, " An 
Arabian Legend," in the Yale Courant, has some fine lines. We give 
the following clippings : — 

[From the French.] 

Blushes the East with the rosy red, 

Twinkling the stars sink into the sea, 
Glitters the dew on the violet bed; 
As I sing of thee. 

Morning awakes, 

The glad day breaks 
Over the hill and the lea. 

Tho' life is a flower, 

And blooms but an hour, 
Love will endure for aye. 

Across the garden and thro' the hall 

Whispers the wind from the sea ; 
The moon-kissed rose hangs pale on the wall, 
As I dream of thee. 


Over the wall, 

Through the hall, 
Across the tufted thyme, 

With memories laden, 
My heart to gladden, 
Whispers thy heart to mine. 

— The Brunonian. 


Mortality is on me like the sleep 

Of one who dreams on banks of pleasant flowers: 

I hear the humming of gold-girdled hours 

Whirling along the sunshine, feel the deep 

And shadowy stillness into which they creep, 

Dropping like honeyed bees into their bowers. 

Such gracious dreams bring this long sleep of ours, 

Such gracious dreams, I know not how to weep 

The world I have forsaken for my dream. 

A strange and lingering sweetness haunts me yet, 

A visionary presence, and a light 

Creeps twixt my eyelids, like the slender beam 

Piercing the filmy primrose, closed tight, 

And wrapped in sleep, I cannot all forget. 

— Smith College Monthly. 


Afar in the land of the midnight sun, 
Where the great lights flash o'er a frozen sea, 

Forever they sit until time is done, 
The merciless Norns, the sisters three. 

And one is young and fair of face, 
And ever she sings as she spins away, 

With careless fingers and maiden grace, 
The threads of life that begin to-day. 

And one is fair as a full-blown flower, 
That has felt the warmth of the summer sun. 

With roses or thorns, each passing hour, 
She decks the threads that the first has spun. 

But the third is haggard, and old, and sere, 
With ashen lips and hopeless eyes, 

Yet sharp on the thread as it draweth near, 
She snaps her shears like an iron vise. 


Now the first is sweet as a day in spring, 

And the second fair as a summer morn, 
But the sweetest gift that the sisters hring, 

Men say, are the shears of the last gray Norn. 

— The Yale Literary Magazine. 



Where firelight falls from crackling logs aglow, 

And shadows flicker on the dusky walls, 
And upward through the smoke the sparkles go, 

I sit and listen to the wind, that calls 
Through barren trees along the woodland halls. 

Outside, the world is blind with driving snow 
And sharp with frost, but that no whit appalls 

Me, where I sit and watch tbe smoke-wreaths slow, 

Where firelight falls. 

For dreaming in the ruddy luster shed 

I think of one sweet twilight yet to come, 
When from the rattling boughs the leaves have fled 

And all without the frozen world is dumb, 
And in my dream I see one little head 

Where firelight falls. 

— The University Cynic. 


The winter term opened on Thursday, January 9, and excellent sleigh- 
ing greeted the returning students. 

Bishop Lawrence, of Boston, conducted services in the College Chapel 
on Sunday, January 12. 

On Monday evening, January 20, a concert was given in the college 
chapel by Miss Kate Bundy, pianist, and Miss Elizabeth Bundy, violinist. 

Miss Emily James Smith, Dean of Barnard, was the guest of Mrs. 
Irvine, January 16 to 19. 

Mrs. John Vance Cheney lectured Saturday afternoon, January 18, on 
" The Interpretation of Beethoven." Mrs. Cheney has an attractive person- 
ality, and was enthusiastically received by her audience. 


Miss Latham gave a reading in the chapel on Saturday, January 11. 

Dr. Eice, of Wesleyan University, preached at the College, January 19. 

Mr. George P. Baker, Professor of Rhetoric at Harvard, and formerly 
Professor of Rhetoric at Wellesley, spoke at the College, Saturday afternoon, 
January 25, on "The Modern Dramatists," giving especial attention to 
Maeterlinck and his school. Mr. Baker was welcomed by an unusually large 
and appreciative audience. In the evening a reception was given in his 
honor by Dean Stratton in the Faculty Parlor. 

Services were held at the College, January 26, by the Rev. James M. 
Whiton, of Brooklyn. 

Miss Ida Benfey, who is to read at the College, Feb. 24, is now giving 
a course at Carnegie Hall, N. Y. Miss Benfey has given several courses in 
Browning this season, and her readings are all of a very high order. The 
Department of Elocution is fortunate in bringing her to Wellesley again, 
as her engagements are numerous. There will be several open meetings of 
this department in the coming months. The first, soon after examinations, 
is to consist of short stories from our popular writers. The services of 
Leland T. Powers have been secured for May 11, at which time his new 
play, " Lord Chumley," will be given. 


The problem of the village students' lamentable condition seems in a 
fair way to be solved. Realizing that the girls in the village are quite outside 
of the best part of college life, the Christian Association has opened a room 
in a spacious house on Waban Street, opposite Waban Hotel. Nearly half 
of the village students came to the opening tea given on Saturday evening, 
January 25. Miss Wooley, Miss Zeigler, and Miss Beale received. The 
room is open all the time for the use of the villagers. It is in a central 
location, so that the girls can easily run in after dinner for a social chat with 
their neighbors. A prayer meeting will be held there every Thursday 
evening, — the first one on February 6, with Miss Wooley as leader. On 


Saturday evenings the girls will meet for some sort of social gathering. A 
fudge party was the first in order on February 1. 

Every student who has lived in the village will appreciate the comfort 
and pleasure that this room may bring. The need now is to make it the 
brightest, cheeriest place in town. Rugs and curtains have been provided ; 
light rockers, however, pictures, lamps, pillows, and any dainty ornaments 
are in demand at once. Ninety-six surely has a multitude of furnishings 
which they will gladly leave to help brighten the one center of college social 
life for the village people. Contributions of every character will be heartily 
welcomed by Florence Hutchinson, 91 College Hall. 

At the beginning of the new semester, the College wishes to remind 
itself again of the various opportunities for getting and giving that are opened 
through the Christian Association. On Sunday morning, at ten o'clock, a 
missionary class is held in Room C. The subject for study during the 
coming semester is, "The Non-Christian Religions of the World." The 
meetings are made extremely interesting and profitable hy Katherine Fack- 
enthal and Edith Wkitlock, the leaders of the work. 

The girls of the Episcopal Church have their missionary meetings on 
alternate Sunday evenings at 7.30, in Room C. Work in the mission 
field is studied at one meeting by countries, at the next through the lives of 
prominent missionaries. Gertrude Carter, '96, the leader of the class, will 
gladly give additional information to any who wish it. Both these classes 
are open to everybody. 

Perhaps the most generally helpful centers of work are the Bible circles, 
which meet at all times in all places. There are now seventeen in the various 
college buildings and in the village. The purpose of the circles is to arouse 
an interest in Bible study, and to discover the best methods for that study. 
Anyone interested may join or start one of these Bible circles, and may find 
out how from Sarah Hadley, '96, or Helen Buttrick, '98. 


February 9. — Rev. David H. Greer, D.D. 

February 12. — Rev. Geo. F. Moore begins a series of six lectures on 
Prophets and Prophecy in Israel." 


February 15. — Lecture. Dr. McKenzie. 
February 17. — Concert. Beethoven Society. 
February 22. — Glee Club Concert- 
February 24. — Reading. Miss Ida Benfey. 


The regular programme meeting of the Classical Society was held Jan- 
uary 18. The following programme was presented: — 

a. Symposium. 

Latest News from Classic Lands. 

Sketch of the Political State of Modern Athens. 

Stories of Some of its Early Statesmen. 

b. I. Athens in the Persian War . . Grace B. Tovvnsend. 
II. Dialogue from the Persians (line 170- 

519) ...... Irene Kahn. 

Annie C. Barnard. 

III. Athens in the Peloponnesian War . Mabel F. Rand. 

IV. Reading from the Hellenica (Book II., 

Chapter 4) . . . . . Ethelyn Price. 

The following were initiated into the Society: Miss Abbe, '88, Miss 
Bertha E. Smith, '90, Miss Mirick and Miss Ames, '98. 

The regular meeting of the Shakespeare Society, which was to have 
been held on the evening of January 25, was postponed on account of the 
reception given by Dean Stratton. 

A regular meeting of the Phi Sigma Society was held Saturday evening, 
January 25. The following was the programme : — 

Attempts at Solution of Social Problems in English Fiction : 
Dickens's Solution of the Social Problem . Anna Witherle. 

Reading from Nicholas Nickleby . . . Sarah Doyle. 


Besant's Solution as seen in "All Sorts and 

Conditions of Men " and " The Children 

ofGibeon" .... Theresa L. Huntington. 

Music ....... Josephine Batchelder. 

Bellamy's Social Utopia .... Clara von Wettburg. 

Mrs. Ward's " Marcella " .... Edith May. 

Miss Holley and Miss Lauderburn, '90, and Miss Eager, '93, were 
present at the meeting. 

The regular programme meeting of the Agora was held in Elocution 
Hall, January 18. The following impromptu speeches were given : — 

The Probable Action of Congress on the 

Revenue Question .... Miriam Hathaway. 
The Venezuelan Question and the Monroe 

Doctrine . . . . . . Louise McNair. 

The Significance of Germany's Action in 

South Africa ..... Ruth Goodwin. 

After these speeches the following papers were read. These papers- 
finished the Society's study of the State : — 

I. Socialistic Tendencies of Recent Legislation. 

a. Control over Corporations . . Mary Capen. 

II. Provincial Governments Abroad. 

a. In Switzerland, France, and Canada, Helen Damon. 

b. In Germany ..... Fraulein Wenkebach. 

A regular meeting of Zeta Alpha was held Saturday evening, January 
11. The following programme was presented : — 
I. Two Sides of Life as Presented by Richard 
Harding Davis, Brander Mathews, and 
Julian Ralph ..... Miss Edith Howland. 

II. The Development of the Short Story for 

Children ..... Miss Myrtle Brotherton. 

III. Modern Humorists . . . Miss Augusta Blan chard. 

IV. Local Color in the Short Story . . Miss Alice Wright. 



The Washington Wellesley Association held its eighth Annual 
Reunion on Friday, December 27, with Miss Jackson, at The Concord, 
Washington, D. C. About thirty members and guests were present. 
At the business meeting the following officers were elected : Harriet J. 
Buchly, '85-88, President; Mrs. Frances Davis Gould, '81-83, Vice 
President; May Allen, formerly '97, Secretary; Margarita Spalding, '91, 
Treasurer; and Jessie Claire McDonald, '88, Chairman of the Business Com- 
mittee. Afterwards a little reception was given to all the Wellesley people 
in the city, and the Association was very glad to see Miss Stratton among 
the guests. After an address of welcome by the president, Miss Buchly, 
and the annals for the year by Miss Lulu W. Cummings, '97, Miss Stratton 
interested all present with a graphic picture of the Wellesley of to-day. A 
letter from Mrs. Durant was read, and then after the sin^ins: of Alma 
Mater, the meeting became informal. Many of the alumnse from the older 
classes were present this year, and there were seven new members to sign 
the constitution. 

The Wellesley Club of Worcester held its New Year's reception, 
January 8, at the home of Mrs. May Sleeper Ruggles, '86. The occasion 
was unique and entirely successful. The house is colonial, and attractive 
throughout, but the hostess admitted her Wellesley friends to the sanctum 
in the top, which is a charming kind of a music room. It is admirably 
arranged for a thing of the sort, and has a garret opposite the stairway, 
where refreshments were kept, and a pretty colonial bedroom adjoining, 
which serves for an overflow. The room itself is long, and has a small 
balcony at one end. An orchestra of mandolins and guitars played there 
during the afternoon. This feature of the programme was planned by Mrs. 
Ruggles herself as a surprise for the guests. "An afternoon in Italy" 
was the announcement on the cards, and Miss Brainard had been 
asked to give one of her art talks. But a pressure of engagements at 
this season hindered her from complying, and to assuage the disap- 
pointment of the club, she sent a part of her collection of photographs 
from the Italian galleries. The Florentine pictures were hung in the smaller 


room ; the Venetian arranged on the fish net draped over the gallery, since 
the seine typifies Venice : the rest from various parts of Italy were placed on 
the walls of the music room. It was an especially fine collection, for which a 
cursory "tea" glance by no means sufficed. The programme of the after- 
noon included piano solos by Miss Ruth Stone and Miss Lillian Atwood, 
both of whom played selections from Italian composers. Mrs. Ruggles, in 
her rich contralto voice, sang two Italian songs. The officers of the club 
who received were Miss Alice Arnold, '91, President; Miss Geraldine 
Longley, '92, Vice President ; and Miss Lillian Atwood, Secretary and Treas- 
urer ; Miss Mary Lincoln, '93, and Miss Bertha Longley, '94, ushered. Miss 
Ruth Stone and Miss Helen Lincoln assisted. The Erato quartette, which 
furnished the guitar and mandolin music, includes Miss Mary Starbuck, 
Miss Mae A. Davis, mandolins ; Miss Bessie G. Starbuck and Miss Lotta 
M. Bartlett, guitars. 

The annual luncheon of the New York Wellesley Club was held on 
Saturday, January 18, at the Windsor Hotel. It was the third affair of the 
sort, and proved no less delightful than its predecessors. There were nearly 
a hundred present, and among them many of the "old familiar faces" less 
frequently to be seen now than in college days. The blue-ribboned menu 
cards showed that pleasing balance between the physical and intellectual, 
characteristic alike of a well-planned curriculum and a well-ordered dinner. 
The toasts, since they began with Wellesley and ended with the regeneration 
of the world, could surely leave nothing to be desired by the daughters of 
Alma Mater. Miss Bertha Bailey, President of the Club, was gracious 
hostess and toastmistress, with the happy setting for each speaker. Professor 
Katharine Lee Bates had come from the College Beautiful to respond to the 
toast " Wellesley, Past and Present," and to give assurances that, in spite of 
much talk of "new" Wellesley and "old" Wellesley, the College had not 
changed in any essential stamped upon it by its founder. Dr. Emma D. 
Wilcox spoke for " College Women in the Medical Profession" : Mr. W alter 
C. Kerr, for the "Brothers-in-law" ; Miss Grace Miller talked of " The Ideal 
New Woman," and Miss Marie Jadwin of "Women's Clubs as a Social 
Factor." Rev. John L. Scudder, well known in connection with the 
"People's Palace," in Jersey City, discussed " College Women in the Coming 


Social Regeneration." The next meeting of the Club will be held on Saturday, 
February 15, at the Teachers' College, 120th Street and Amsterdam Avenue. 
The discussion will relate to "The Training of College Women as Teachers." 
Dr. Hervey, President of the Teachers' College, will make an address, and an 
invitation to be present has been extended to members of the Association of 
Collegiate Alumna?. After the discussion, the Club will give a reception to 
its guests. 

Mr. and Mrs. Manly are in Southern California for the winter. Their 
address is 710 Harrison Avenue, San Diego, Cal. 

Professor Katharine Lee Bates, '80, addressed the New York Wellesley 
Club on Saturday, January 18 ; spent Sunday, January 19, with Mrs. Adaline 
Emerson Thompson, '80 ; and visited Vassar on Monday, January 20. 

Mrs. Marion Pelton Guild, '80, was at the College Saturday, January 25. 

The friends of Miss Anna Robertson Brown, '83, will be interested to 
find a poem from her pen in the February number of St. Nicholas. Crowell 
& Co. have put to press the fortieth thousand of her inspiring pamphlet, 
"What is Worth While." 

Miss Katharine Dill, '87, is teaching Mathematics in Drexel Institute, 
Philadelphia, Penn. 

Miss Florence Hughes, '87, is spending a year in California. Her 
present address is 515 West Third Street, Los Angeles. 

Miss Anna Smith, formerly '87, returned from Burrnah last spring, and 
has been with her grandparents in Newton Centre. She is now in Daven- 
port, Iowa. 

Miss Lena McMaster, '88, is spending the winter in Tours, France. 

Mrs. Mary Howe Strauss, '88, with Mr. Strauss and their son, has been 
spending the winter in Southern Europe, Tangiers, and Tunis, and is now 
in Naples. 

Mrs. Lena Follett Appleton, '89, has been veiy ill with diphtheria at 
her home, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 


Miss Grace Lee, formerly of '89, has been studying with Mrs. Annie 
Payson Call, and is now at home in Springfield, Mass. 

Miss Ethel Paton, '89, who has been ill with the measles, returned to 
her college work January 25. 

Miss Lewanna Wilkins, '91, is teaching Botany in the Eastern High 
School, Washington, D. C. 

Miss Agnes S. Holbrook, '92, took her Master's degree, January 8, at 
Leland Stanford University, and is now tutoring in English there. 

Miss Elizabeth Mayse, '92, is doing kindergarten work in Washington, 
D. C. 

Miss Clarinda Merchant, '92, is teaching in St. Agnes School, Albany, 
N. Y. 

Miss Helen Eager, '93, and Miss Florence Shirley, '95, spent Sunday, 
January 26, at the College. 

Miss Ethel Stanwood, '94, and Miss Mary Chase, '95, received the 
members of Society Phi Sigma at the home of Miss Stanwood, in Boston, 
Monday, January 27. 

Miss Adeline Lois Bonney, '94, has been visiting Miss Ruby Bridgman, 
in Hyde Park, Mass., and is now visiting Miss McGuire, '95, in Rochester, 
N. Y. 

Miss Virginia Corbin, '94, is teaching this year in the Southern Kansas 
Academy, Eureka, Kansas. 

Miss Helen Foss, '94, read a paper on Pre-Raphaelitism at the Phila- 
delphia College Club, January 11. 

Miss Ethel Stanwood, '94, is about to take an extended trip through 
Kentucky and the West. 

The enffaeement of Miss Elizabeth Brown, '95, has been announced. 


Miss Helen James, '95, is studying music at her home in West Chester, 

Miss Mary Chase, '95, spent Tuesday, January 28, at the College. 

Members of the Class of '95 and other former students of the College 
would add greatly to the interest of these columns if they would promptly 
report their engagements for teaching or other business for the current year. 
The college office cheerfully supplies these points whenever it is able to do 
so, but is itself dependent upon direct information from former students. 


Kelly-Austin. — In Cooperstown, New York, January 2, Miss Fannie 
Estelle Austin, '95, to Dr. David Frederick Kelly. At home, 349 West 
28th Street, New York City. 


Drowned, on January 3, 1896, Walter M. Wiggin, brother of A. Eliza- 
beth Wiggin, '90. 



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Maiden, ^Mass., and South Paris, Maine. 



Mackintoshes and Cravenettes, 


92.00 TO $25.00. 

Hlellesley Preparatory, 

Prices 25 per cent lower than Dry Goods Stores. 

• • • Special IO per cent to Wellesley Students . . . 



Metropolitan Rubber Co., 

Miss Charlotte H. Conant, B.A. 


Miss Florence Bigelow, M.A. 


Gloves and Veiling. 



Calls the attention of the Young Ladies to her stock of Kid, Undressed Kid, and Dog Skin Gloves that 

are suitable for all occasions, also her very becoming stock of Veilings, and solicits their 

patronage, and will give to any of the students 6 per cent discount. 

Hotel Bellevue, 



Special attention given to Club Dinners and Receptions. 



J. W. SMITH Proprietor. 

fflatfiematical Instruments, 

Colors, Drawing Papers, Blue Process Papers, T Squares 

Scales, Curves, Triangles, and all kinds of 

Architects' and Engineers' Supplies, 


. . AT . . 

Frost & Adams Co. 

Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers. 

New Catalogue free on application. 
Special Discount to Students ok Wellesley . . 


10 times out of 10 

The New York Journal recently of- 
fered ten bicycles to the ten winners in 
a guessing contest, leaving the choice 
of machine to each. 


Columbia Bicycles 

Nine immediately, and one after he had 
looked at others. The Journal therefore 
bought TEN Columbias at $J00 each. 
On even terms a Columbia will be chosen 

TEN times out of TEN. 

J 896 Art Catalogue for two 2-cent stamps. 

Shreve, Crump \ Low Go. 


rs + silver 


Fine Stationery. Card Engraving. 

Programs and Invitations, both printed and 
engraved. Class Day Programs a specialty. 

Class Pins designed and manufactured to 

Parasols and Umbrellas made to order, re- 
covered and repaired. 

. .ONLY. . 

First Class Tfiroii Gar Route 


Through Trains Leave Boston as follows : — 
8.30 a. m. (ex. Sunday) Day Express. 
10.30 a. m. (daily) Chicago Special. 
2.00 p. m. (daily) North Shore Limited. 
3.00 p. m. (ex. Sundays) St. Louis and 

Chicago Express. 
7.15 p. m. (daily) Pacific Express. 


. . FOR . . 

Hartford, New Havens New York. 



9.00 a. m. 

(ex. Sunday) 

3.30 p. m. 

11.00 a. m. 

(ex. Sunday) 

5.28 p. m. 

12.00 Noon 

(ex. Sunday) 

5.32 p. m. 

4.00 p. m. 


10.00 p. m. 

( New Equipment built by tbe Pullman Co.) 
11.00 p.m. (daily) 6.41a.m. 

For tickets, information, time-tables, etc., apply 
to nearest ticket agent. 


General Passenger Agent. 


Speaking of Shoes . . 

Have you seen the new line of Ladies' 
Shoes and Slippers we have just received 
for the fall and winter trade? We have 
them in the following styles : Needle, 
Razor, and Opera Toe, with and with- 
out extension soles. 


Odd Fellows Block, 



344 Washington Street, Boston. 
Manufacturers of Fine 

Athletic Supplies. ^ 

Every requisite for 

Boating, Tennis, 

Basket Ball, Golf, 
and the Gymnasium. 


Beautiful illust'd catalogue »^ 
sent free to any address. 

The Dana Hall School, 


Pupils are prepared for regular or for special courses at 
Wellesley College. 

Price for Board and Tuition, $500 for the school year ; 
Tuition for day pupils, $125. 

For further information address the Principals : 

Julia A. Eastman, 
Sarah P. Eastman. 

Wlellesle^ Ipbarmaop, 


Pure Drugs and Medicines. 

Physicians' Prescriptions a Specialty. 




Opposite Railroad Station, Wellesley. 

Flowers and Plants of the choicest varieties for all 
occasions; Palms, etc., to let for decoration. 

FLOWERS carefully packed and forwarded 
by Mail or Express to all parts of the United 
States and Canada. 

4SS" Orders by mail or otherwise promptly attended to. 
Connected by Telephone. 


Important American Books. 


The Discovery of America, with some account of 
Ancient America and the Spanish Conquest. 
With a Steel Portrait of Mr. Fiske, reproductions 
of many old Maps, several Modern Maps, Fac- 
similes, and other illustrations. 2 vols, crown 
8vo., gilt top, $4.00; half calf, $6.50. 

The American Revolution. With a new Portrait 
of Washington, hitherto unpublished, and Maps. 
2 vols, crown 8vo., gilt top, $4.00; half calf, $6.50. 

The Critical Period of American History, 1783- 
1789 With Map, Notes, etc. Crown 8vo., gilt 
top, $2.00. 

The Beginnings of New England; or, The Puritan 
Theocracy in its Relations to Civil and Religious 
Liberty. Crown 8vo., gilt top, $2.00. 

The War of Independence. With Maps. i6mo., 
75 cents. 

Civil Government in the United States, considered 
with some reference to its Origins. i2tno., 
$1.00, net. 

A History of the United States for Schools. Fully 
illustrated. i2mo., $1.00, net. 

The reader may turn over these volumes with full assurance 
of faith for a fresh rehearsal of the old facts, which no time can 
stale, and for new views of those old facts, according to the 
larger framework of ideas in which they can now be set by the 
master of a captivating style and an expert in historical 
philosophy. — New York Evening Post. 


A series of volumes on such States of the Union as 
have a striking political, social, or economical his- 
tory. Edited by Horace E. Scudder. With Maps 
and Indexes. Each volume, i6mo., gilt top, $1.25. 

Virginia . . . By John Esten Cooke. 

Oregon . . . By William Barrows. 

Maryland . . By William Hand Browne. 

Kentucky . . By Nathaniel Southgate Shaler. 

Michigan . . By Thomas M. Cooley. 

Kansas .... By Leverett W. Spring. 

California . . By Josiah Royce. 

New York . . By Ellis H. Roberts. 2 vols. 

Connecticut . By Alexander Johnston. 

Missouri . . . By Lucien Carr. 

Indiana ... By J. P. Dunn, Jr. 

Ohio By Rufus King. 

Vermont ... By Rowland E. Robinson. 

The books are not mere State Histories; they are something 
much more and very much better than that. They are attempts 
to embody what is most distinct and peculiar in the political 
life and history of each State, and to show how that has con- 
tributed to the development of the whole. — George Willis 


Edited by Charles Dudley Warner. Each 
volume with portrait, i6mo, gilt top, $1.25; half 
morocco, $2.50. 

Washington Irving .... 

By Charles Dudley Warner. 

Noah Webster By Horace E. Scudder. 

Henry D. Thoreau .... By Frank B. Sanborn. 

George Ripley By O. B. Frothingham. 

J. Fennimore Cooper ... By V. R. Lounsbury. 
Ralph Waldo Emerson . . By O. W. Holmes. 
Margaret Fuller Ossoli . . By T. W. Higginson. 

Edgar Allen Poe By Geo. E. Woodberry. 

Nathaniel Parker Willis . By Henry A. Beers. 
Benjamin Franklin . . . . By John B. McMaster. 
William Cullen Bryant . . By John Bigelow. 
William Gilmore Simms . By William P. Trent. 
George William Curtis . . By Edward Cary. 
Bayard Taylor By A. H. Smyth. 


Each volume, i6mo, gilt top, $1.25; half mo- 
rocco, $2.50. 

John Quincv Adams 
Alexander Hamilton 
John C. Calhoun 
Andrew Jackson 
John Randolph 
James Monroe . 
Thomas Jefferson 
Daniel Webster 
Albert Gallatin 
James Madison 
John Adams . . 
John Marshall 
Samuel Adams 
Thomas H. Benton . 
Henry Clay (2 vols.) 
Patrick Henry .... 
Gouverneur Morris . 
Martin Van Buren . 
George Washington (2 

Benjamin Franklin 
John Jay 

By John T. Morse, Jr. 

By H. Cabot Lodge. 

By Dr. H. Von Holst. 

By W. G. Sumner. 

By Henry Adams. 

By D. C. Gilman. 

By John T. Morse, Jr. 

By H. Cabot Lodge. 

By John Austin Stevens. 

By Sydney Howard Gay. 

By John T. Morse, Jr. 

By Allen B. Magruder. 

By James K. Hosmer. 

By Theodore Roosevelt. 

By Carl Schurz. 

By Moses Coit Tyler. 

By Theodore Roosevelt. 

By Edward M. Shepard. 


By H. Cabot Lodge. 

By John T. Morse, Jr. 
By George Pellew. 

Lewis Cass By Andrew C. McLaughlin. 

Abraham Lincoln (2 vols. ). 

. . . By John T. Morse, Jr. 

The series is doing an immense service to the reading public 
and to the cause of history in bringing forth adequate though 
brief records of the lives of eminent men of whom the general 
knowledge has become vague, erroneous, or traditional — New 
York Times. 

For sale by all Booksellers. Sent post-paid, on receipt of price by the Publishers. 



A Convincing Argument 

In favor of trading in Natick is the convenience of access 
by the electric cars, which run every half hour; also in 
the larger packages the saving of expense by express, 
breakage, delays, etc. 

In my Framing Department I will allow a discount of 10 
per cent to Wellesley College Students. 

J. E. DeWITT, 


Books, Stationery, and Art Supplies, 

Also Manufacturer of 

Picture Frames, Mats, etc. 
No. 2 Main Street, NATICK, MASS. 

Shoes for Young Ladies.. 

Gymnasium Shoes, 
Walking Shoes, 
Party Shoes. 

Special Discount to all Wellesley Students. 


Cor. Washington and Winter Sts., Boston. 


335 Washington Street, Boston. 

College Athletic and Gymnasium Outfitters. 


Crew Sweaters and Jerseys, which are also suitable for all athletic purposes, made to order in any 

style in the best manner. 
A Discount of 10 per cent is given Wellesley students on individual orders. Special net rates for crew or team orders. 

Wellesley Graduates are always in demand. 
Register now. 

William F. Jarvis, Manager. 

(New England Bureau of Education — Hiram Orcutt.) 

No. 3 Somerset Street, Boston. 

We have a good stock of 

Veilings, Ribbons, 
Kid Gloves, 

Hosiery, . Cretonnes, . Drapery Muslins, 
and all kinds of embroidery sllks. 

We do Stamping at short notice. 

10 per cent Discount to all Wellesley College Students. 

J. B. LEAMY, Natick, Mass. 

English Crockery, 

German and Austrian 

Japanese Novelties, 
5-0'clock Teas, 

Fancy Rockers, Tea Tables, 
Book Cases, Ca-pets, and Rugs. 

Complete House Furnishers. 


Free Delivery. 

6 Main Street, NATICK. 




Session '95-96 opens October 1, 1895. Four years, Graded Course. Instruction 
by Lectures, Clinics, Recitations and practical work, under supervision in Laboratories 
and Dispensary of College, and in N. Y. Infirmary. Clinics and operations in most of 
the City Hospitals and Dispensaries open to Women Students. 

For Catalogues, etc., address 


321 East 15tti Street, New York. 

U/ellesley Graduates are 
/Uu/ays ir; Demand. 





Courteous Sreatmeijt. 
Best Equipment. 



No. 3 Somerset Street, 

Boston (T\ass. 

The Fisk Teachers' Agencies. 

4 Ashburton Place, Boston, Mass. 

70 Fifth Avenue, New York City, N. Y. 
1242 Twelfth Street, Washington, D. C. 
355 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

25 King Street, West Toronto, Canada. 

420 Century Building, Minneapolis, Minn. 

107 Keith & Perry Building, Kansas City, Mo. 
728 Cooper Building, Denver, Colo. 

525 Stimson Block, Los Angeles, Cal. 


Fine Millinery, 



21 Temple Place, Boston. 

H. W. DOWNS & CO. 

143 Tremont St., Boston. 


French Hats and Bonnets, 

together with a choice selection of Foreign and 
Domestic Novelties for fall and winter. 

Also, full line of Dressmakers' Supplies. 

H. W. DOWNS & CO., 143 Tremont Street. 

In every department of our store we allow Wellesley Professors and 
Students a discount, generally 10 per cent. 

We deliver all goods free of express charges at Wellesley College and Dana Hall. 

During the year you will notice many attractive goods which your friends at home 
would he glad to see. We shall be glad to send samples at your request. 

Dress Goods, Hosiery, Neckwear, Millinery, 
Underwear and Art Embroideries 

are perhaps some of the departments most interesting to students, but the discount applies 
to every department. 


Tremont Street and Temple Place, - - BOSTON, MASS. 



i— ( 





Ladies' and Children's 

Specialty Garment House. 

Young Ladies' Coats, Suits, 
Wraps, Fur Capes, Mackin- 
toshes, and Cravenette Gar- 

The Latest Paris and Berlin Novelties 

always in stock 

at moderate prices . . 

531 and 533 Washington Street, Boston. 

Next door to Boston Theatre. 

Frank Wood, Printer, Boston.